Wildlife Reference Resources
For reference resources on California wildlife see California Environment Information Sources--Wildlife and Northwestern California/Klamath Bioregion Environment Information Sources--Wildlife.
Reference materials serve a variety of purposes and can sometimes be used effectively in searching the scientific literature. Reference materials can be used to:
- define terminology--dictionaries
- locate accepted knowledge and topical overviews--encyclopedias, handbooks and reviews
- find factual information--directories and statistical compilations
- identify research on specific topics--reviews and bibliographies
- locate standard methods and procedures--handbooks and manuals
Following are reference materials of interest to the wildlife scientist and manager. They are organized by category of reference material rather than subject. Resources marked with a are key resources or databases.
In a sense this publication is a literature guide. Listed below are more formal ones which discuss the organization of research literature in wildlife and list reference materials. Although there is no separate guide to wildlife literature, the following sections within larger works are useful.
- "Amphibians and Reptiles"; "Birds"; "Mammals"; and "Vertebrates" IN Guide to Reference and Information Sources in the Zoological Sciences (Schmidt) 2003 (ref QL 45.2 S35 2003) Each chapter includes sections on indexes and bibliographies; core journals; dictionaries and encyclopedias; checklists, taxonomics works and field guides; handbooks; key works by systematics and geography. Includes both print and Internet resources.
- Birds: A Guide to the Literature (Miller) 1986 (ref QL 673 M55)
- "Literature Review" IN Cooperider. 1986. Inventory and Monitoring of Wildlife Habitat (Docs I 53.2: In8/3)
- "Wildlife and Wildlife Management" IN Blanchard. 1981. Guide to Sources for Agricultural and Biological Research (ref S 493 G85)
- "Wildlife Management Literature" IN Schemnitz. 1980. Wildlife Management Techniques Manual (SK 353 W59)
These resources provide definitions of discipline- specific terminology and/or general introductions to topics and concepts in wildlife. Most encyclopedias include references to important references in the "primary" literature.
- Audubon Society Encyclopedia of North American Birds (Terres) 1980 (ref QL 681 T43 1980)
- Biodiversity Glossary of Terms (World Resources Institute)
- Bird On! Bird Dictionary (Weaver) Includes the complete text of The Birdwatcher's Dictionary.
- Cambridge Encyclopedia of Ornithology (Brooke & Birkhead) 1991
- Collegiate Dictionary of Zoology (Pennak) 1964 (ref QL 9 P4)
- Dictionary of Birds (Campbell & Jack) 1985 (ref QL 672.2 D53 1985) Scholarly dictionary with definitions ranging from a few lines to several pages. Longer entries include a short reference list.
- Ecology Field Glossary: A Naturalist's Vocabulary (Lewis) 1977 (ref QH 540.4 L48)
- Encyclopedia of Birds (Forshaw & Kirshner) 1998 (ref QL 673 E533 1998)
- Encyclopedia of Environmental Biology (Nierenburg) 1995 (ref QH 540.4 E52 1995) (3 volumes)
- Encyclopedia of Mammals (MacDonald) 1984 (ref QL 703 E53 1984)
- Encyclopedia of Theoretical Ecology (Hastings and Gross) 2012 (ref QH 540.4 E526 2012)
- Glossary of Biodiversity Terms (United Nations Environment Programme and World Conservation Monitoring Centre)
- Glossary of Avian Terms For Use in Avian Conservation Biology (Koford, Dunning, Ribic and Finch) 1994. Originally published in Wilson Bulletin 106(1):121-137
- Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Ethology (Grzimek) 1977 (ref QL 751 G7913)
- Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia (HSU Users Only) 2003-2004 Major 17 volume scientific encyclopedia that is arranged taxonmically. Chapters within each volume contain an order overview followed by family and subfamily accounts. Volumes of interest to wildlife include Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals. The first edition of the encyclopedia is located in Ref QL 3 G7813 along with the first edition of Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals in Ref QL G7913 1990.
- Natural Resource Inventory Glossary (H. Gyde Lund & About.com Guide to Forestry)
- NatureServe Explorer: an Online Encyclopedia of Life (NatureServe) Database containing conservation information on more than 65,000 plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada. Search by common, scientific name, location and conservation status. Each species or community includes information on conservation status, distribution maps, life history, and other conservation information.
- Oxford Companion to Animal Behavior (MacFarland) 1982 (ref QL 751 093 1982)
These are commonly alphabetical or subject listings of people, organizations, places, or animals. In addition to those listed below many of the Internet Directories/Portals/Gateways in wildife list additional Internet-based directories.
- Directory of Water Expertise (University of California. Center for Water Resources) Lists more than 2,000 faculty and staff from the University of California and California State University systems, and experts from state and federal agencies who are involved with water-related/wildland-related research and resource management in California.
- Wildlife Consultants in California (Fitzhugh) 1995 (ref SK 383 W55)
- California Department of Fish & Game: Divisions, Branches, and Offices (California Department of Fish & Game)
- Conservation Directory (National Wildlife Federation) annual (print copy available in ref S 920 C64) Lists federal, state, and some international agencies; national and regional organizations, commissions, and citizen's groups involved in natural resource use and management. Includes brief descriptions and key personnel.
- Federal Regulatory Directory (Congressional Quarterly)
Biennial (ref KF 5408 A15 F4) Comprehensive guide to federal regulatory
agencies. Includes laws under which agencies derive their regulatory
- Fish and Wildlife Management Offices: State, Territorial, and Tribal (US Fish and Wildlife Service)
- North American Flyways Directory (Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center) 2002
- Office Directory (US Fish & Wildlife Service) Lists USFWS national, regional, and field offices; national wildife refuges; and State Fish and Wildlife Management Offices.
- U.S. Government Manual (U.S. National Archives & Records Service) Annual (print copy also available in ref JK 421 A3) Directory of agencies in the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the federal government.
- AZA Membership Directory (American Zoo & Aquarium Association) Annual (ref QL 76 Z74)
- American Bird Conservancy Guide to the 500 Most Important Bird Areas in the United States (American Bird Conservancy and Nature Conservancy) 2003 (Ref QL 682 A54 2003) Contains descriptions of 500 critically important bird areas. These area contains a significant population of an endangered or threatened species; a significant population of a Watch List species ; a significant population of a species with a limited range, ; or a significantly large concentration of breeding, migrating or wintering birds. Each entry includes ornithological highlights, ownership information, habitats and land use, common species, conservation issues and visitor information. Globally Important Bird Areas of the United States has an interactive map that shows all 500 bird areas by state with links to the guide entry and a web site for each site.
- International Zoo Yearbook (Zoological Society of London) Annual (QL 76 I55) Includes a directory of zoos in addition to inclusion of scholarly articles.
- Inventory of California Natural Areas (California Natural Areas Coordinating Council.) 1975-1986 (ref QH 76.5 C2 C35) 15 loose-leaf volumes that list by county more than 1,500 California natural areas ranging in size from less than one acre to over one million acres. For each natural area gives name of area, reference number, one-line description of the major features of the area, county, geographic coordinates, USGS topographic quads, PLSS coordinates, size, elevation range, ownership, maximum of two pages describing the area's natural history, past and present use and condition, and references. Includes alphabetical list of all natural areas and index of species included in natural area descriptions.
- United Nations List of Protected Areas (International Conservation Union and World Conservation Monitoring Centre) Definitive list of the world's national parks and reserves.
- University of California Natural Land and Water Reserves System (University of California)1976- (ref QH 76.5 C2 V63) Contains brochures for each of the reserve areas. Complemented by Information about Individual Reserves
- Where the Birds Are: A Guide to All 50 States and Canada (Jones) 1990 (ref QL 682 J66 1990) Directory of birding locations which lists bird abundance by season.
- World Directory of National Parks and Other Protected Areas (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) 1977 (ref SB 481 W62) First definitive directory of the world's national parks and protected areas. Annotations include information not found in later directories. The Nationally Designated Protected Areas Database includes records of protected areas covering less than 1,000 ha.
- Zoos Worlwide Lists zoos, aquariums, animal sanctuaries and wildlife parks worldwide. Use an interactive map to select the geographic area of interest.
- CITES-listed Species Database (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)
- Extinct Vertebrates of the USA, US Territories and Canada since 1492 (Mallory)
Red List of Threatened Species (International Union for Conservation
of Nature and Natural Resources) Provides taxonomic, conservation
status and distribution information on taxa that have been globally
evaluated using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Includes
links to associated databases with additional species accounts and
descriptions Older print red data books detailed species accounts
and analyses not found in the database
- IUCN Mammal Red Data Book 1982 (ref QL 703 I86)
- Red Data Book (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) 1966-1980 (ref QH 75 A1 R43)
- Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles, and Fish (Cary and Judge) 2000. Contains nearly 4,100 longevity records (reports of highest documented age) for 3,054 species/subspecies of mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish.
- Species in Parks Flora and Fauna Database (International Center for the Environment and National Park Service) Directory of species in US National parks; searchable by park or species name.
- Threatened and Endangered Species System--TESS (US Fish and Wildlife Service) Database of official threatened and endangered species and candidate species in the United States. Browse by various categories or search by species. Each account gives status details, recovery plans and links to NatureServe species accounts.
- Threatened Birds of the World (BirdLife Intenational) 2000 (Ref QL 676.7 T45 2000) Covers 1,186 globally and near threatened species. Each species includes a half page annotation with map and information on identification and taxonomy;IUCN red list category, range and population, ecolgy, threats, conservation activities, targets for priorty actions to improve the the species status, and references. BirdLife International provide the bird information for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Updated accounts are also found at BirdLife International Data Zone along with other associated information on Important Bird Areas (IBAs) and Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs).
Scientific reviews or "state-of-the-art" papers critically survey a narrow topic in a discipline. Review papers identify and evaluate research which has appeared in the "primary" literature and include extensive bibliographies. Scientific reviews typically appear in annual publications entitled "Annual review of ..." or "Advances in ...", as well as in research journals, especially those which have "review" as part of the title. As part of a search strategy review papers are an excellent "research tool" to use since they pull together information on the existing state-of-knowledge on a specific topic.
There are several ways to locate scientific reviews:
- Many annual review series have cumulative indexes.
- Individual review papers are commonly included in Wildlife Indexes. Create a search that includes the keyword "review" as part of your search strategy.
- The "Annual Review of ..." publication series has a cumulative index which searches all reviews published from 1984 to the present.
Bibliographies are compiled lists of literature references which gather together known research on a specific topic. They are generally more useful for retrospective rather than current searching. There are many specialized bibliographies in wildlife. The Wildlife and Ecology Studies Worldwide index lists over 3,000 wildlife bibliographies. In the HSU Library Catalog a subject keyword search can be done using the keyword bibliography and a subject or taxonomic keyword. Listed below are selected print and digital bibliographies which are major in scope.
- Bibliography on the Conservation of Biological Diversity: Biological, Ecological, Economic, and Policy Issues (Polasky) 1999 Contains approximately 4000 references on various aspects of biodiversity and conservation.
- Biological Conservation Bibliography (Smithsonian Institution Museum of Natural History) Includes over 47,000 references on conservation biology from 1983 to the present. References have previously appeared in the Smithsonian Institution's Biological Conservation Newsletter. Search by author, title or keyword.
- Effects of Silvicultural Activities on Wildlife and Fish Populations in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest: An Annotated Bibliography from 1960-1999 (Maas-Hebner & Schrader) 2001 (Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory, Research Contribution #32) (print copy available in SD 144 A13 R4 #32)
- Fire in North American Wetland Ecosystems and Fire-Wildlife Relations: An Annotated Bibliography (Kirby, Lewis and Sexon) 1988 (print copy available in Docs I 49.89/2: 88 (1)) (US Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 88 (1)) Searchable bibliography containing 300 references on fire in North American wetland ecosystems and a subject index of all fire-related literature that has appeared in Wildlife Review
- Forest and Wildlife Management Planning: An Annotated Bibliography (Barlow and Grado) 2001 (Mississippi State University. Forest and Wildlife Research Center. FWRCR Research Report) Includes 177 references dating from 1960 to 2000 on forest management planning in general and more specifically on the effects of manipulating timber stock on wildlife habitat.
- Managing for Enhancement of Riparian and Wetland Areas of the Western United States: An Annotated Bibliography (Koehler and Thomas) 2000 (print copy available in Docs A 13.88: RMRS-54) (USFS General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-54) Includes approximately 2000 references on riparian and wetland management.
- Nonconsumptive Outdoor Recreation: An Annotated Bibliography of Human-Wildlife Interactions (Boyle and Samson) 1983 (print copy available in Docs I 49.15/3:252) (US Fish & Wildlife Service Special Scientific Report--Wildlife #252)
- Riparian Communities: an Annotated Bibliography of Ecosystem and Management Topics with Emphasis on the Intermountain West (Fisher and Thomas) 1990 (US Bureau of Land Management. Idaho State Office) Includes 150 references on the ecology, description and management of riparian wetlands in the intermountain west.
- U.S.-Canadian Range Management, 1935-1977; A Selected Bibliography on Range, Pastures, Wildlife, Livestock, and Ranches (Valentine) 1978 (ref SF 85.3 V34)
- Wetland Restoration Bibliography (Northern Prairie Science Center and Midcontinent Ecological Science Center) 1996 - update of Wetland Creation and Restoration: Description and Summary of the Literature (Biological Report 90(3)) (Docs I 49.89/2:90(3))
- Wind-Wildlife Impacts Literature Database (WILD) (US National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Indexes research related to onshore as well as offshore wind development published in journal articles, conference proceedings, government publications, books, and utility company reports. Search by keyword, title, author, and publication date.
- Amphibians and Reptiles
- Bibliography of Pacific Northwest Herpetology (Campbell) 1982 (QL 654 B52)
- Herplit Database (Bibliomania) Database contains approximately 50,000 citations dating from 1586 to the present. Search by author, title, or keyword.
- Bibliography on Ornithological Bibliographies (Brassles & Bekierz) 1984 (ref QL 673 B73) Lists over 1,000 bibliographies on birds.
- Annotated Bibliography of Avian Interactions with Utility Structures (California Energy Commission) Annotated bibliography containing over 1,200 references on avian-utility structure interactions.
- Annotated Bibliography of Oregon Bird Literature Published before 1935 (Jobanek) 1997 (QL 684 O6 J63 1997)
- "Bibliography of Oregon Ornithology" IN Northwest Science (Scott) 1992. 46:122-139. Cover the years 1935-1970.
- Bibliography of Oregon Ornithology: An Updating for the years 1971-1977 (Egger) 1980
- Avian Mortality at Communication Towers: A Review of Recent Literature, Research, and Methodology (Kerlinger) 2000. Prepared for the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
- Bibliography for Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) (Austin & Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center) Includes over 1,300 references.
- Bibliography for Northern Pintails (Anas acuta) (Austin & Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center) Includes almost 2,000 references.
- Bibliography of Birds (Strong) 1939-1959 (ref QL 1 F4 vol 25 parts 1-4) Bibliography to ornithological literature up through 1926 when Biological Abstracts began.
- Bird Kills at Towers and Other Human-made Structures: An Annotated Partial Bibliography (1960-1998) (Trapp) 1998. Prepared for the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
- Crane Bibliography: a Subject Index (International Crane Foundation) Includes over 4,000 references, arranged by species.
- Duckdata: a Bibliographic Data Base of North American Waterfowl (Anatidae) and Their Wetland Habitats (U.S. Geological Survey) Comprehensive bibliography of published literature on the ecology, conservation, and management of North American waterfowl and their wetland habitats.
- Global Raptor Information Network (GRIN) Bibliography (Peregrine Fund) Contains 54,000 records on diurnal raptors with emphasis on literature from 2000 to the present and on the Neotropical Region.
- Human Disturbances to Waterfowl: An Annotated Bibliography (Dahlgren and Korschgen) 1992 print copy available in Docs I 49.66: 188) (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication 188) Contains 211 annotated entries for articles that contain information about effects of human disturbances on waterfowl. Indices are provided for subject/keywords, geographic locations, species of waterfowl, and authors.
- OWL: Ornithological Worldwide Literature (American Ornithological Union, British Ornithological Union and Birds Australia) Includes over 100,000 citations and abstracts on the science of ornithology from over 1500 journals, reports, dissertations and other serials going back to about 1980 Covers "grey" literature which is not abstracted by major commercial databases such as Zoological Record. Search by keyword, author, journal or subject code. The database is a continuation of Recent Ornithological Literature which between 1983 and 1998 was published as a quarterly supplement to Auk (periodical QL 671 R43) and Ibis (periodical QL 671 I2).
- Raptor Information System (US Geological Survey) Includes 40,000 references on the biology and management of birds of prey.
- Recent Publications on Waders (International Wader Study Group) Available online since 2001 with earlier issues appearing one or twice a year in the Wader Study Group Bulletin (per QL696 C4 B9). Lists currents publications dealing with waders grouped into five broad areas--breeding; behaviour, ecology and evolution; distribution and faunistics; and miscellaneous.
- SORA: Searchable Ornithological Research Archive (University of New Mexico) Search or browse the contents of major ornithological journals or series--Auk, Condor, Journal of Field Ornithology, North American Bird Bander, Pacific Coast Avifauna, Studies in Avian Biology, Wader Study Group Bulletin, Western Birds, Wilson Bulletin. Fulltext is available for all articles.
- Bibliography of Oregon Mammology (Carraway) 1982 (QL 719 O7 C37)
- Black Bear Bibliography (Tracy) 1982 (QL 737 C27 B762)
- Brown Bear Bibliography (Tracy) 1982 (QL 737 C27 B763)
- Literature Database (North American Bat Conservation Partnership) Bibliographic database of scholary journal articles, popular magazine articles, books, and dissertations relating to bats. Searchable by keyword.
- Mammals of the World. Vol. III. A Classified Bibliography (Walker) 1964 (ref QL 703 W22 vol 3) Older bibliography that contains approximately 70,000 references spanning the years 1830 to 1960. The bibliography is arranged into three groupings--taxonomic, geographic, and general.
These scholarly works and databases contain extensive information or summarize the state of knowledge in broad topics in wildlife. They tend to be broader in scope than "scientific reviews" and are well documented with frequent references to important "primary" literature. For works that are focused on individual species see Species Accounts/Life History Information
- Amphibians & Reptiles
- Amphibian Biology (Heatwole) 1994- (QL 667 A47 1994) Five volume treatise.
- Biology of the Reptilia (Gans) 1969- (QL 641 .G3) 18 volume treatise.
- Avian Biology (Farner and King) 1971-1993 (QL 673 A9) Nine volume treatise.
- Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals (Williams & Barker) 2001 (SF 996.4 I54 2001) Covers viral, prion, bacterial, and mycotic diseases of wild mammals. For each entry includes information on history, hosts, distribution, etiology, transmission, epidemiology, clinical signs, pathogenesis, pathology, diagnosis, treatment, and literature references.
Species accounts typically include natural history and life history information on individual species. Topics frequently covered include description, taxonomy, distribution, life history, habitat, status, and management considerations.
- California -- see California Environment Information Sources--Wildlife and Northwestern California/Klamath Bioregion Environment Information Sources--Wildlife.
- Multiple Species
- NatureServe Explorer: an Online Encyclopedia of Life (NatureServe) Database containing conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada. Search by common or scientific name. Each species or community includes information on conservation status, distribution maps, life history, and other conservation information.
- Endangered Species Recovery Plans (US Fish & Wildlife Service) Includes over 700 final and revised recovery plans issued since 1989. These plans delineate actions required to recover and/or protect listed species. Each recovery plan includes extensive information on the distribution, habitat, ecology, life history, and population status as well as plans for recovery.
- Fire Effects Information System (US Forest Service. Rocky Mountain Research Station Fire Sciences Laboratory) Database containing synoptic descriptions of 900 plant species, 100 animal species, and 16 Kuchler plant communities found on the North American continent. The emphasis is on fire and how it affects each species. Background information on taxonomy, distribution, basic biology, and ecology of each species is also included along with references to literature.
- Wildlife Habitats and Species Management Relationships Program: Oregon Coast Range (Phillips & Chrostowski) 1981 (SK 439 W54) (4 volumes) Includes one page species narratives and range maps with references to related research literature for 330 vertebrate species in the Oregon Coast Range.
- Amphibians & Reptiles
- AmphibiaWeb (University of California, Berkeley. Museum of Vertebrate Zoology) Searchable database on amphibian biology and conservation containing species accounts that include species descriptions, photos, life history information, conservation status information, and literature references. The goal is to include accounts for every amphibian species in the world.
- Catalog of American Amphibians and Reptiles (Society for the Study of Amphibians & Reptiles) 1963- (print copy available in Ref QL 651 A55) Ongoing series of individual species accounts with extensive literature references.
- Salamanders of the United State and Canada (Petranka) 1998 (QL 668 C2 P36 1998) Includes accounts for 127 salamander species with an emphasis on identification, ecology, evolution, biodiversity, behavior, and natural history. Each entry includes photographs and a range map. Includes taxonomic keys to adult and larval salamanders.
- Snakes of the United States and Canada (Ernst and Ernst) 2003 (QL 666 O6 E763 2003) Identification guide and key to the 131 North American species of snakes. For each species there is an 3-8 page account that provides detailed information on identifying features, geographic variation, known fossils, current distribution, habitat type, behavior, reproduction, growth, diet, and predators. Includes color photographs and range maps for each species.
- Washington Herp Atlas (Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife) Includes species accounts for 28 of the 46 native species known to occur in Washington. Each account includes descriptions, identification tips, management concerns, literature references and links to Photos, Key Features, and Distribution Maps
Species Management Synthesis (Partners in Flight) includes a "species account table" that lists species accounts available from some of the sources below including the The Nature Conservancy, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Birds of North America and US Fish and Wildlife Service. Includes links to accounts if available on the Internet.
- Avibase (Lepage) Extensive database that includes basic information on all birds of the world--10,000 species and 22,000 subspecies. Each entry includes information on taxonomic status, common name synonyms in several languages, distribution map, Google species search, Google image search, AtlaVista audio search, Integrated Taxonomy Information System (ITIS) entry and Birdlife International threatened species account if appropriate. Search by common or scientific name or browse by family.
- Birds of Africa (Brown, Urban and Newman) 1982-2003 (QL 692 A1 B76 1982) Comprehensive handbook in seven volumes on the birds of Africa. Each species account typically includes original description citation, range and status, description, field characters, voice, general habits, food, and breeding habits. Also includes a range map and a color plate for each species.
- The Birds of North America: Life Histories for the 21st Century (American Ornithologists Union) 1992-2002 (ref QL 681 B625) Major scholarly work containing 20-40 page species profiles that summarize the current knowledge for approximately 700 breeding bird species in North America. Birds of North America Usage Tools lists published profiles by issue number and taxonomic order. Replaces both Bent's Life Histories... series and Palmer's Handbook of North American Birds. Shorter and more popular species accounts derived from Birds of North America are found at the Bird Guide developed by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. These online bird guide accounts also include bird sounds, selective video and distribution maps.
- Birds of South America (Ridgely and Tudor) 1989- (QL 689 A1 R53 1989) Projected to be completed in four volumes this set includes short species accounts covering identification, similiar species, habitat and behavior, and range. Also includes color plates and range maps for each species.
- Forest and Rangeland Birds of the United States: Natural History & Habitat Use (DeGraaf) 1991 (Agricultural Handbook 688) (print copy available in Docs A 1.776:688) Includes one page species profiles for 500 birds followed by a series of matrixes listing birds typically found in 20 forest habitat types and 24 rangeland or other non-forest habitats.
- Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds (Marchant) 1990-2001 (QL 693 H36 1990) Contains detailed species accounts for approximately 900 birds found in this region. Each detailed species account includes scientific and common names in a variety of languages, distribution, field identification, habitat, movements, food, behavior, voice, breeding, plumages and measurements. For each species there are also distribution maps, color plates and occasional b/w illustrations and voice sonograms.
- Handbook of the Birds of the World (Hoyo) 1992- (ref QL 673 H25 1992) Major handbook to be completed in 16 volumes that contains species accounts organized by order and family. For each family there is summary information on the family's general characteristics and composition; systematics; morphological aspects; habitat; general habits; voice; food and feeding; breeding; movements; relationship with man; status and conservation; a general bibliography; and a map of its global distribution. Following the family overview are short individual species accounts that include taxonomy, distribution, descriptive notes, habitat, food and feeding, breeding, movements, status and conservation, and bibliography. Each species profile includes a color-coded map of its global distribution; and a full size color plate and possible additional plates of distinctive subspecies or color morphs
- Handbook of North American Birds (Palmer) 1962-1988 (5 volumes) (QL 681 P35) Originally designed as the definitive reference source on American birds species and subspecies north of Mexico.. The series was never completed and is now superceded by The Birds of North America: Life Histories for the 21st Century. Volumes are organized by family. Individual species accounts describe physical features, field identification, habitat, distribution, migration, reproduction, and habits.
- Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palearctic (Cramp) 1977-1994 (QL 690 A1 H27) Nine volume handbook that includes detailed species accounts for birds of the western Palearctic. Each account includes common names in a variety of languages, field characters, habitat, distritution, population, movements, food, social pattern and behavior, breeding, voice, plumages, measurements, weights and structure. Each account also includes references to the scholarly literature, range maps and color plates. Birds of the Western Palearctic (Snow and Perrins) 1998 (QL 690 A1 S64 1998) is a concise and updated two volume set based upon the original work.
- Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan; Together with Those of Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Sir Lanka (Ali and Ripley) 1980-1999 (QL 691 S65 A6 1980) Ten volume handbook containing detailed species accounts and color plates.
- Handbuch der Vogel Mitteleuropas (Niethammer) 1966- 1997 (QL 690 A1 H3) Fourteen volume handbook that covers central Europe. Detailed species accounts cover range geographical variation, field identification, voice, migration, habitat, behavior, food sources and literature references.
- Life Histories of Central American Birds (Skutch) 1954-1969 (print copies available in QL 683 P3 P3 no.31, 34, 35) (Pacific Coast Avifauna # 31, 34, 35) Includes life histories of selected passerine birds species of Central America. Each account includes information on the description, food, song, reproduction and enemies of the species.
- Life Histories of North American Birds (Bent) 1919-1958 (20 volumes) (U.S. National Museum Bulletin nos. 107,113, 121, 126, 130, 135, 142, 146, 162, 167, 170, 174, 176, 179, 191, 195, 196, 197, 203, 211) (Docs SI 3.3: ...) Series of classic life history studies which is largely superceded by Birds of North America: Life Histories for the 21st Century. An index by bulletin number and by taxonomic group is available to the series. Selected life histories are available at Life Histories of Familiar North American Birds.
- Animal Info - Information on Endangered Mammals (Massicot) Each species account includes a basic profile, status and distribution, biology and ecology and references. Browse by scientific or common name, broad animal grouping, or country. Also includes links to US state mammal programs and mammal fact sheets available at the state level.
- Ecology and Management of Large Mammals in North America (Demarais & Krausman) 2000 (ref QL 739.8 E36 2000) Introduction to general concepts involved in the management and biology of wildlife followed by species accounts on 20 large individual mammals. Update to Big Game of North America published in 1978.
- Handbook of Marine Mammals (Ridgeway and Harrison) 1981-1999 (QL 731.2 H355) ( 6 volumes) Contains 20-40 species accounts that cover taxonomy, distribution, external characteristics, anatomy, life history and population dynamics, behavior, parasites and diseases and human effects.
- Land Mammals of Oregon (Verts and Carraway)
1998 (ref QL 719 O7 V474 1998) Contains descriptions of all 136 extant
or recently extirpated mammal species in Oregon with information on
geographical variation, range maps, diet, reproduction, ontogeny,
mortality, and behavior. Keys to orders, families, and species are
provided for identification of unknown specimens. A bibliography of
2,925 references makes the volume especially useful for anyone wishing
to do further research.
- Mammalian Species (American Society of Mammalogists) 1969- (print copy available in ref QL 715 H15) Ongoing series currently comprising over 700 scholarly species accounts. 25-30 new accounts are published annually. The first 823 accounts are freely available on the web. Accounts from #824 are available on BioOne (HSU Users Only). A Complete Systematic List of Accounts is available that is arranged by Order/Family/Genus.
- Natural History of Oregon Coast Mammals (Maser) 1981 (print copy available in Docs A 13.88:PNW-133) (USFS General Technical Report PNW-133) Contains detailed information on the biology, habitats, and life history of 65 terrestrial and 31 marine species of mammals found on the Oregon coast.
- North American Mammals (Smithsonian Institution) Contains short species accounts for over 400 native species known to occur in North America. Accounts include descriptive text, taxonomic notes, photographs, watercolors, scientific illustrations of skulls, bones and teeth, range maps, weight and length , notes on sexual dimorphism and conservation status. Search by species, family tree, conservation status; or by geographic location using a map interface, geographic coordinates or national park. Generate your own field guide. Based upon the Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals (Wilson & Ruff) 1999 (ref QL 715 S55 1999) and the field guide Mammals of North America (Kays and Wilson) 2002. The Smithsonian book includes longer species accounts and literature references for each species.
- Wild Mammals of North America: Biology, Management and Conservation (Feldhamer, Thompson and Chapman) 2003 (ref QL 715 W56 2003) Contains lengthy accounts covering the biology, status, and management of 57 economically important mammalian species or species complexes in North America.
- Wild Furbearer Management and Conservation in North America (Novak, Baker, Obbard and Malloch) 1987 (SK 355 W54 1999--cd-rom) Includes general chapters on the history, biology, harvesting and management of North American furbearers followed by authoritative species accounts for 30 furbearers that cover their biology, conservation and management.
Guide to Taxonomic Literature of Vertebrates (Blackwelder) 1972 (ref QL 607 B53) is a general guide to taxonomic literature.
- Audubon to Xantus: The Lives of Those Commemorated in North American Bird Names (Mearns & Mearns) 1992 (QL 26 M38 1992)
- Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Reptiles and Amphibians of the World (Frank and Ramus) 1995 (Ref QL 645 F73 1995)
- Dictionary of American Bird Names (Choate & Paynter) 1985 (ref QL 677 C5 1985)
- Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names (Jobling) 1991 (ref QL 677 J55 1991)
- Latin Names Explained: A Guide to the Scientific Classification of Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals (Gotch) 1996 (ref QL 351 G668 1996)
- North American Bird Folknames and Names (Sayre) 1996 (ref QL 677 S28 1996)
- Obsolete English Names of North American Birds and Their Modern Equivalents (Banks) 1988 (USFWS Resource Publication #174) (Docs I 149.66:174)
- Source-book of Biological Names and Terms (Jaeger) 1955 (ref QH 83 J3)
- Scientific and Common Names of the Reptiles and Amphibians of North America - Explained (Beltz) "Translations, Common Names, Original Descriptions, Biographies and Mythological References of those honored in the nomenclature of the Salamanders . Frogs and Toads . Turtles . Alligators and Crocodiles . Lizards . Snakes of America North of Mexico. "
- Scientific and Standard Common Names of Amphians and Reptiles of North American North of Mexico, wth Comments Regarding Confidence in Our Understanding (Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles) 2001 (Ref QL 652 S63 2001)
- Classification of Mammals above the Species Level (McKenna & Bell) 1997 (ref QL 708 M38 1997) Updates The Principles of Classification and a Classification of Mammals (Simpson) 1945.
- Distribution & Taxonomy of Birds of the World (Sibley & Monroe) 1990 (ref QL 678 S54 1990) Classification and arrangement of 9,672 bird species of the world based primarily on DNA phylogenetic relationships. A list of included species by family is available.
- EMBL Reptile Database (Uetz & the European Molecular Biology Laboratory) Provides scientific names, synonyms, distribution, and literature references on 8,000 living reptile species.
- Mammals of North America (Hall) 1981 (ref QL 715 H15) Major two volume monograph on mammal taxonomy listing 3607 species and subspecies
- Salamanders of the United State and Canada (Petranka) 1998 (QL 668 C2 P36 1998) Includes accounts for 127 salamander species with an emphasis on identification, ecology, evolution, biodiversity, behavior, and natural history. Each entry includes photographs and a range map. Includes taxonomic keys to adult and larval salamanders
- Walker's Mammals of the World (Nowak) 1999 (ref QL 703 W222 1999) Major two volume monograph covering 1,192 genera and 4,809 species.
- A.O.U. Check-list of North American Birds (American Ornithologists' Union) 1998 (print copy available in ref QL 677 A52) Official source on the taxonomy of birds found in North and Middle America. Updated by supplements which appear in the journal Auk. For each species includes scientific name, common name, habitat, and distribution.
- Amphibian Species of the World (American Museum of Natural History. Department of Herpetology) Lists over 5,500 amphibian species. Search by taxonomic name (current or synonyms) or geographic place name; or browse taxonomically. Short species accounts include scientific taxonomy, common name, and geographic distribution. A earlier print version with the same title and published in 1985 is available in ref QL 645 F76 1985.
- Bird Checklists of the United States (Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center) Directory of 315 checklists on a state-by-state basis compiled from national wildlife refuges, national parks, and other state and private management areas.
- Bird Checklists of the World (Avibase and Bird Links of the World) Contains bird checklists arranged by country with finer political or geographic subdivisions for some countries. Each geographic area includes up to five different lists which are derived from five standard checklists (Monroe and Sibley; Clements; Howard and Moore; AOU; and Commission Internationale Pour les Noms Franšais D'oiseaux).
- Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: A Checklist (Clements) 2007 (ref QL 673 C53) Published by the American Birding Association in collaboration with the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. Checklist includes over 9,800 species and subspecies. For each species lists scientific names, best known English name, and brief description of geographical range. The entire checklist is available for download as an excel spreadsheet. The checklist is also updated annually.
- Check-List of Birds of the World (Mayr, Greenway & Peters) 1935-1987 (QL 677 C47) Published in 16 volumes this was the second major taxonomic work on birds that attempted to list all species and subspecies. Superceded in large part by Sibley and Moore's taxonomic revisions.
- Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide: an Online Guide for the Identification of Amphibians in North America north of Mexico (USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center) Browsable checklist of all amphibian species and subspecies currrently recognized in North America north of Mexico. Two versions of the checklist are available, one is sorted by family and then species name, the other by scientific name only. For selected species there is a link to additional identification information, including description, range map and photo. Also includes an annotated list of amphibian and reptile identification web sites.
- Checklist of North American Mammals North of Mexico (Jones) 1986 (ref QL 715 J6 1986)
- Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories and Canada (Banks) 1987 (USFWS Resource Publication No. 166) (print copy available in Docs I 49.66:166)
- Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World (Howard & Moore) 1991 (ref QL 677 H75 1991)
- Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (Wilson & Reeder) 2005 (print copy available in ref QL 708 M35 ) Contains the names of the 5400 currently recognized species of mammals, in a taxonomic hierarchy that includes Order, Family, Subfamily, and Genus
- Species in Parks Flora and Fauna Database (International Center for the Environment and National Park Service) - Directory of species in US National parks; searchable by park or species name.
- World Checklist of Birds (Monroe & Sibley) 1993 (ref QL 677 M695 1993) Based upon their Distribution and Taxonomy of Birds of the World.
- World List of Mammalian Species (Corbet & Hill) 1991 (ref QL 708 C67 1991)
- Field Guides
- All About Birds Bird Guide (Cornell Lab of Ornithology) Includes approximately 600 of the 700 regularly occurring bird species in North America. Browse by name, shape or taxonomy. Each entry includes keys to identification, brief life history, video clip and audio file.
- Bibliography of Field Guides of the United States and Canada (Livo and Colorado Herpetological Society) Lists regional, state and provincial herpetological field guides for the United States and Canada.
- Field Guides (eNature.com) Identification guide to 5,500 plant and animal species in North America derived from 35 Audubon Society field guides. Each species entry includes a large thumbnail image, description, habitat, range and varying additional information depending upon the species, e.g., an audio file. Select from 13 major groups of organisms (e.g., mammals, amphibians, fishes, trees, etc.) Within each group browse by broad types of organisms in the group; search by scientific or common name; or conduct an advanced search by size, color, habitat, region, and other options unique to each each group.
- International Field Guides (Schmidt) Includes annotations for over 5500 field guides covering plants, animals, rocks, minerals, astronomy and weather. Browse by broad taxonomic category or search by keyword.
- Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Birds. Western Region (Udvary) 1994 (ref QL 681 U33 1994)
- Birds of North American (Alsop) 2001(ref QL681 Z625
2001) Guide containing one page descriptions of 930 bird species.
For each species includes annotated color photographs to highlight
the key field marks of the adult male; photographs or artworks of
other plumages if they differ significantly; an explanation of the
typical flight pattern; information on typical vocalizations, feeding
behavior, breeding, nesting, population, and conservation concerns;
and a range map showing each bird's occurrence in North America during
summer, winter, and on migration. Similar species are shown and distinguishing
characteristics are noted. The work is arranged taxonmically. A subset
of the main work Birds of North American: Western Region
(Alsop) is available in QL 683 W4 B52 2001.
- Checklist of Amphibian Species and Identification Guide: an Online Guide for the Identification of Amphibians in North America north of Mexico (USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center) Browsable checklist of all amphibian species and subspecies currrently recognized in North America north of Mexico. Two versions of the checklist are available, one is sorted by family and then species name, the other by scientific name only. For selected species there is a link to additional identification information, including description, range map and photo. Also includes an annotated list of amphibian and reptile identification web sites.
- Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern/Central North America (Connant and Collins) 1998 (QL 651 C65 1998) Part of the Peterson Field Guide series
- Field Guide to Western Birds. Western Region (Peterson) 1990 (ref QL 683 W4 P4 1990) Part of the Peterson Field Guide series
- Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians (Stebbins) 2003 (ref QL 651 S783 2003) Part of the Peterson Field Guide series. See also the Quick-find Indexes to Robert Stebbins' Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians.
- Virtual Bird Field Guide (About.com Guide to Birding) For each bird includes range, habitat, physical characteristics, food, nesting habits, links to additional online information, photo, and vocalization. Birds can be searched by common name, scientific name, or by their family.
Handbooks and Manuals
Handbooks and manuals typically fall into two basic categories--1) works that contain data and descriptive information compiled from the "primary" literature and organized into tables or expository articles that can be used to answer many basic and factual questions; and 2) works that contain procedures for experimental analysis in the field or laboratory.
- Analysis and Management of Animal Populations: modeling, estimation, and decision making (Williams, Nichols and Conroy) 2002 (QL 752 W526 2002)
- Analysis in Behavioral Ecology: A Manual for Lab and Field (Brown) 1988 (QL 751 B727 1988)
- Analysis of Wildlife Radio-Tracking Data (White & Garrott) 1990 (QL 60.4 W45 1990)
- Bibliography of Manuals and Handbooks from Natural Resource Agencies (Burke) 1978 (Docs I 49.18:N21) Bibliography of manuals and handbooks published by natural resource agencies in the Western U.S.
- Biological Monitoring of the Environment: a Manual of Methods (Salanki) 1994 (QH 541.15 M64 B565 1994)
- Biology Data Book (Altman) 1972-1974 (ref QH 301 A39)
- Capture-Recapture and Removal Methods for Sampling Closed Populations (White, Anderson, Burnham and Otis) 1982 (print copy available in QH 352 W478)
- Conserving Biodiversity on Military Lands: A Handbook for Natural Resources Managers (Leslie, Meffe, Hardesy, & Adams) 1996
- CRC Handbook of Census Methods for Terrestrial Vertebrates (Davis) 1982 (QL 752 C7 1982)
- Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments (Scheiner & Gurevitch) 1993 (QH 541.15 S72 D47 1993)
- Designing Field Studies for Biodiversity Conservation (Feinsinger) 2001 (QH 75 F45 2001) Practical guide to the use of scientific concepts and methods in conservation field studies.
- Ecological Census Techniques: A Handbook (Sutherland) 1996 (QH 541.15 S95 E26 1996)
- Ecological Diversity and its Measurement (Magurran) 1988 (QL 75 M32)
- Estimating Wildlife Habitat Variables (FWS/OBS-81/47) (Hayes) 1981 (Docs I 49.89:81-47) Describes 35 techniques suitable for quantitatively measuring wildlife habitat variables.
- Estimation of Density from Line Transect Sampling of Biological Populations (Burham, Anderson, and Laake) 1980 (QL 1 W54) (Wildlife Monographs #72)
- Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds (Friend and Franson) 1999 (USGS Biological Resources Division Informatin and Technology Report 1999-001) Supercedes Field Guide to Wildlife Diseases. Vol. 1. General Field Procedures & Diseases of Migratory Birds (Docs I49.66:167)
- Handbook for Protection of Fish and Wildlife from Construction of Farm and Forest Roads (Hynson) 1982 (FWS/OBS-82/18) (print copy available in Docs I 49.89:82/18)
- Handbook of Biological Techniques (Wyoming Game & Fish Department) 1982 (QH 352 W95 1982)
- Handbook of Ethological Methods (Lehner) 1996 (QL 751 L398 1996)
- Handbook of Parametric & Nonparametric Statistical Procedures (Sheskin) 2000 (QA 276.25 S54 2000)
- Introduction to Distance Sampling: estimating abundance of animal populations (Buckland) 2001 (QL 752 I59 2001)
- Inventory and Monitoring of Wildlife Habitat (Cooperrider) 1986 (print copy available in Docs I 53.2:IN 8/3) Major compilation of techniques compiled for the US Bureau of Land Management.
- Live Animal Capture and Handling Guidelines for Wild Mammals, Birds, Amphibians & Reptiles (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 3)
- Management of Wildlife and Fish Habitats in Forests of Western Oregon and Washington (US Forest Service) 1985 (print copy available in Docs A 13.2 W64/17)
- Manual of Stream Channelization Impacts on Fish and Wildlife (Simpson) 1982 (FWS/OBS-82/24) (print copy available in Docs I 49.89:82/24)
- Measuring Biological Diversity (Magurran) 2004 (QH 541.15 B56 M34 2004)
- Measurements for Terrestrial Vegetation (Bonham) 1989 (QK 911 B57 1989)
- Methods for Evaluating Riparian Habitats with Application to Management (Platts) 1987 (print copy available in Docs A 13.88:INT-221) (USFS General Technical Report INT-221)
- Monitoring for Conservation and Ecology (Goldsmith) 1991 (QH 541.15 M64 M66 1991)
- Monitoring the Vegetation Resources in Riparian Areas (Winward) 2000 (print copy available in Docs A 13.88:RMRS-GTR-47) (USFS General Technical Report RMRS-47) Provides information on three sampling methods used to inventory and monitor vegetation resources in riparian areas
- Monitoring Plant and Animal Populations (Elzinga, Salzer, Willoughby and Gibbs) 2001 (QH 541.15 M64 M72 2001)
- Monitoring Vertebrate Populations (Thompson, White & Gowan) (QL 607.6 T48 1998)
- Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage (Hygnstrom, Timm and Larson) 1994 (Print copy available in SF 84.4 P74 1994) Comprehensive reference on the identification, control and management of 90 North American vertebrate species that cause economic damage to resources or become a nuisance at various times and places.
- Procedures for environmental monitoring in range and wildlife habitat management (British Columbia Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks and British Columbia Ministry of Forests. Habitat Monitoring Committee) 1996
- Primer of Ecology (Gotelli) 1995 (QH 352 G67 1995)
- Radio Tracking and Animal Populations (Millspaugh & Marzluff) 2001 (QL 60.4 R33 2001) Assesses the design and analytical techniques for wildlife radio tracking studies.
- Sampling Design and Statistical Methods for Environmentat Biologists (Green) 1979 (QH 541.15 S72 G73)
- Statistical Ecology: A Primer on Methods and Computing (Ludwig & Reynolds) 1988 (QH 541.15 S72 L83 1988)
- Statistical Inference from Capture Data on Closed Animal Populations (HSU users only) (Otis, Burnham, White and Anderson) 1978 (print copy available in QL 1 W54) (Wildlife Monographs #62)
- Statistical Inference for Capture-Recapture Experiments (HSU users only) (Pollock, Nichols, Brownie and Hines) 1990 (QL 1 W54) (Wildlife Monographs #107)
- Stream Corridor Restoration: Principles, Processes, and Practices (Federal Interagency Stream Corridor Restoration Working Group) (print copy also available in Docs A 57.6/2:EN 3/PT.653)
- Techniques for Wildlife Habitat Management of Uplands (Payne and Bryant) 1994 (SK 355 P39 1994) Compilation of techniques for natural and cultural habitat improvements to enhance wildlife biodiversity on forestlands, rangelands and farmlands.
- Techniques for Wildlife Habitat Management of Wetlands (Payne) 1992 (SK 355 P39 1992) Techniques manual on wildlife habitat improvement. Includes chapters on wetlands with and without water control, vegetation management and artificial nesting and loafing sites.
- Wildlife and Fisheries Habitat Improvement Handbook (Payne & Copes) 1988 (print copy available in Docs A13.36/2:W64/6)
- Wildlife Demography: Analysis of Sex, Age and Count Data (Skalski, Ryding and Millspaugh) 2005 (QL 752 S524 2005) Unifies, evaluates, updates and illustrates methods of estimating wildlife demographic parameters from sex ratios, age structures, and count data.
- Wildlife Hazard Management at Airports: a Manual for Airport Personnel (Federal Aviation Administration Office of Airport Safety and Standards) 2005
- Wildlife Radio Tagging: Equipment, Field Techniques and Data Analysis (Kenward) 1987 (QL 60.4 K46 1987)
- Wildlife Radio-telemetry (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 5)
- Wildlife Restoration: Techniques for Habitat Analysis and Animal Monitoring (Morrison) 2002 (QH 541.15 R45 M67 2002)
- Wildlife Resources Management Manual (US Army Corps of Engineers) (print copy available in Docs D103 .24/2:EL...)
- Wildlife Study Design (Morrison, Block, Strickland,and Kendall) 2001 (QH 541 W45 2001)
- Wildlife Techniques Manual (Silvy) 2012 (SK 355 R47) The major manual on wildlife research and management techniques. First published by The Wildlife Society in 1960 and now in its seventh edition under earlier various titles. In two volumes with a total of 37 chapters that cover research and management techniques.
- Annotated Bibliography of Amphibian and Reptile Field Study Methods (Ratermann & Brode) 1983 (California Department of Fish & Game, Inland Fisheries Administrative Report 83-3) (Cal Doc F660 A3 83-3)
- Field Sampling Methods and Identification Guides (Declining Amphibian Populations Task Force) Bibliography of sampling methods and identification guides, with an emphasis on the western United States.
- Inventory Methods for Plethodontid Salamanders (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1999 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 36)
- Inventory Methods for Pond-breeding Amphibians and Painted Turtle (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 37)
- Inventory Methods for Snakes (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 38)
- Inventory Methods for Tailed Frog and Pacific Giant Salamander (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 2000 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 39)
- Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity. Standard Methods for Amphibians (Heyer) 1994 (QL 645.4 M43 1984)
- Reptile Biodiversity: Standard Methods for Inventory and Monitoring (McDiarmid) 2012 (QL645.6 R47 2012) )
- Sampling Amphibians in Lentic Habitats: Methods and Approaches for the Pacific Northwest (Olson, Leonard & Bury) 1997 (QL 652 S26 1997)
- Sampling Methods for Amphibians in Streams in the Pacific Northwest (Bury & Corn) 1991 (USFS General Technical Report PNW-275) (print copy available in Docs A 13.88:PNW-275)
- Sampling Methods for Terrestrial Amphibians and Reptiles (USFS General Technical Report PNW-256) (Corn & Bury) 1990 (Docs A 13.88:PNW-256)
- A Standardized Protocol for Surveying Aquatic Amphibians (Fellers & Freel) 1995 (QL 667 F44 195 and Docs I 29.109:NPS/WRUC/NRTR-95-01)
- Bibliography of Methods of Analyzing Bird Banding Data with Special Reference to Estimation of Population Size and Survival (Anderson) 1972 (Docs I 49.100:156 (Special Scientific Report-Wildlife # 156)
- Bird Banding (McClure) 1984 (QL 677.5 M35 1984)
- Bird Census Techniques (Bibby & Burgess) 1992 (QL 677.4 B53 1992) Bird Trapping and Bird Banding: A Handbook for Trapping Methods All Over the World (Bub) 1991 (QL 677.5 B77413 1991)
- Breeding Season Population Census Techniques for Seabirds and Colonial Waterbirds Throughout North America (Steinkamp) 2003
- CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses (Dunning) 1993 (QL 697 D86 1993)
- Handbook of Field Methods for Monitoring Landbirds (USFS General Technical Report PSW-144) (Ralph) 1993 (print copy available in Docs A 13.88:PSW-144)
- Inventory Methods for Colonial-Nesting Freshwater Birds: Eared Grebe, Red-Necked Grebe, Western Grebe, American White Pelican, and Great Blue Heron (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 8)
- Inventory Methods for Forest and Grassland Songbirds (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1999 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 15)
- Inventory Methods for Marbled Murrelets in Marine and Terrestrial Habitats (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 2001 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 10)
- Inventory Methods for Marsh Birds: Bitterns and Rails (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 7)
- Inventory Methods for Nighthawk and Poorwill (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 9)
- Inventory Methods for Raptors (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 2001(Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 11)
- Inventory Methods for Riverine Birds: Harlequin Duck, Belted Kingfisher and American Dipper (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 12)
- Inventory Methods for Swallows and Swifts (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 16)
- Inventory Methods for Waterfowl and Allied Species: Loons, Grebes, Swans, Geese, Duckss, American Coot and Sandhill Crane (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1999 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 18)
- Inventory Methods for Woodpeckers (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1999 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 19)
- Manual for Aeroplane and Ship Surveys of Waterfowl and Seabirds (Komdeur, Bertelsen & Cracknell) 1992 (QL 677.5 M36 1992)
- Manual of Field and Laboratory Exercises for Ornithology (Burtt and Wilson Ornithological Society)
- Manual of Ornithology: Avian Structure & Function (Proctor & Lynch) 1993 (QL 697 P76 1993)
- Methods for Measuring Populations of Small Diurnal Forest Birds (Manuwal & Carey) 1991(print copy available in Docs A 13.88:PNW-278) (USFS General Technical Report PNW-278)
- Promoting Sound Ethical and Banding Principles and Techniques (North American Bird Banding Council and U.S. Department of the Interior) 2001 (Doc I 19.15/3:B22 cd-rom) This cd-rom includes in .pdf format the following publications: North American Banders' Manual for Banding Study Guide, Instructor's Guide to Training Passerine Bird Banders in North America, North American Bird Banders' Manual for Banding Passerines and Near Passerines (excluding Hummingbirds and Owls); North American Bird Banders' Manual for Banding Hummingbirds, and North American Banders' Manual for Raptor Banding Techniques.
- North American Bird Banding Manual (Gustafson, Hildenbrand, & Metras) 1997
- Raptor Management Techniques Manual (Pendleton) 1987 (QL 696 F3 R365 1987)
- Shorebird Management Manual (Helmers) 1992 (QL 696.C4 H44 1992)
- Shorebirds: Plovers, Oystercatchers, Stilts, Avocets, Sandpipers, Phalaropes and Allies (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1997 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 14)
- Statistical Inference From Band Recovery Data--a Handbook (Brownie, Anderson, Burnham and Robson) 1985 (print copy available in Docs I 49.66: 156) (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication 156) Focus is on migratory birds, but can be applied to other animal tagging experiments.
- Upland Gamebirds: Grouse, Quail and Columbids (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1997 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 17)
- Waterfowl Management Handbook (Fish & Wildlife Leaflet #13) (Cross) 1988-1995 (print copy available in Docs I 49.13/5:13 and cd-rom copy in Docs I 49.108:W29 cdrom)
- Aerial Based Inventory Techniques for Selected Ungulates: Bison, Mountain Goat, Mountain Sheep, Moose, Elk, Deer and Caribou (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 2002 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 32)
- Ground-based Inventory Methods for Selected Ungulates: Moose, Elk and Deer (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 33)
- Inventory Methods for Bats (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 20)
- Inventory Methods for Bears (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 21)
- Inventory Methods for Beaver and Muskrat (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 22)
- Inventory Methods for Hares and Cottontails (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 23)
- Inventory Methods for Marten and Weasels (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 24)
- Inventory Methods for Medium-sized Territorial Carnivores: Coyote, Red Fox, Lynx, Bobcat, Wolverine, Fisher & Badger (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1999 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 25)
- Inventory Methods for Moles and Pocket Gopher (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 2001 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 26)
- Inventory Methods for Mountain Beaver, Bushy-tailed Woodrat and Porcupine (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 27)
- Inventory Methods for Pikas and Sciurids: Pikas, Marmots, Woodchuck, Chipmunks and Squirrels (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 29)
- Inventory Methods for Small Mammals: Shrews, Voles, Mice & Rats (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 31)
- Inventory Methods for Wolf and Cougar (British Columbia: Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks: Resources Inventory Committee) 1998 (Standards for Components of British Columbia's Biodiversity No. 34)
- Measuring and Monitoring Biological Diversity. Standard Methods for Mammals (Wilson) 1996 (QL 708.5 M435 1996)
- Methods for Measuring Populations of Arboreal Rodents (Carey) 1991 (print copy available in Docs A 13.88:PNW-273) (USFS General Technical Report PNW-273)
- Sampling Methods for Bats (Thomas) 1989 (print copy available in Docs A 13.88:PNW-243) (USFS General Technical Report PNW-243)
- Spotlight and Daylight Cruise Survey of Deer: Collecting and Interpreting Data (Stevens)
- CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
- FAOLEX (Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Legal Office) Database of treaties, laws, and regulations on food, agriculture, and renewable natural resources contributed by member countries.
- International Wildlife Law: An Analysis of International Treaties Concerned with the Conservation of Wildlife (Lyster) 1985 (K 3525 L97 1985)
- Federal Laws and Regulations
- For Federal statutory, case and administrative law in the HSU Library see General Legal Materials: Primary Sources.
- Animals, Birds, Fish, and Wildlife (FedLaw) Includes the fulltext of key laws and regulations and links to related organizations.
- AZA Manual of Federal Wildlife Regulations (American Zoo and Aquarium Association) 1994 (ref KF 5640 A913)
- Compilation of Selected Acts Concerning Wildlife Conservation and Related Matters, with Amendments through the End of the 106th Congress (U.S. House of Representatives. Committee on Resources) 2001 (Committee Print 107-D) (microfiche copy available in Docs Y4 R31/3:107-D fiche)
- Controlled Wildlife: a Three-Volume Guide to U.S. Wildlife Laws and Permit Procedures (Association of Systematics Association) 1983-1985 (ref KF 5640 E77)
- Digest of Federal Resource Laws of Interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (US Fish & Wildlife Service) Includes digests of resource laws, administrative laws, treatises, interstate compacts, executive orders, and wetlands MOA.
- Division of Congressional & Legislative Affairs (US Fish & Wildlife Service) Tracks current legislation of interest to the USFWS.
- Endangered and Other Protected Species: Federal Law and Regulations (Littell) 1992 (ref KF 5640 L57 1992)
- Endangered Species Act: History, Conservation, Biology & Public Policy (Czech & Krausman) 2001 (KF 5640 C99 2001)
- Evolution of National Wildlife Law (Bean & Rowland) 1997 (ref KF 5640 B4 1997)
- Federal Wildlife Laws Handbook with Related Laws (Musgrave) 1998 (ref KF 5640 F43 1998) The Table of Contents is available at Federal Wildlife and Related Laws Handbook (University of New Mexico Center for Wildlife Law) along with Chapter 4 "Statute Summaries."
- "Game; Conservation and Preservation of Wildlife" in Corpus Juris Secundum (KF 54 C6) Article in authoritative encyclopedia restating US law as derived from statutory and case law.
- Guide to the Federal and California Endangered Species Laws (Mueller) 1994 (ref KF 5640 M84 1994)
- Marine Mammal Commission Compendium of Selected Treaties, International Agreements, and other Relevant Documents on Marine Resources, Wildlife, and the Environment (Wallace) 1994 (Docs Y 3 M33/3:2 771) Includes over 400 treaties and international agreements.
- California Laws and Regulations
- For California statutory, case and administration law in the HSU Library see General Legal Materials: Primary Sources.
- California Fish & Game Code (California Department of Fish & Game) annual (Cal Doc L 400 F71c)
- Fish & Game Laws & Regulations (California Department of Fish & Game)
- Guide to the Federal and California Endangered Species Laws (Mueller) 1994 (ref KF 5640 M84 1994)
- "Wildlife Conservation Law in California: From Bag Limits to Biodiversity" (Smith and Maffitt) pp 32-41 IN Life on the Edge: a Guide to California's Endangered Natural Resources: Wildlife (Thelander) 1994 (Ref QL 84.22 C2 L54 1994) Essay covering the development of wildlife law in California. Includes table of major events and legislation in federal and California wildlife law.
- Other States
See the HSU Library Geospatial Resources research guide for additional print and digital geospatial resources available in the HSU Library or on the Internet.
- GIS, GPS and Telemetry Information Sources (Wildlife Society. Geographic Information System, Remote Sensing, and Telemetry Working Group)
- California -- see California Maps --Wildlife - General
- Pacific Northwest
- Alaska's Wildlife and Habitat (Alaska Department of Fish and Game) 1973-1978 (Atlas G 1531 D4 A4 1973)
- Atlas of Idaho's Wildlife: Integrating Gap Analysis and Natural Heritage Information (Grover & Lippincott) 1997 (G 1481 D5 A8 1997)
- Atlas of Oregon Wildlife: Distribution, Habitat, and Natural History (Csuti) 2001 (QL 201 A84 2001)
- Map of Oregon Important Bird Areas (Hunter and Audubon Society of Portland)
- Nevada Biodiversity Atlas (Biological Resources Research Center) Interactive mapper that provides data on plant, animal, and sensitive species in Nevada's mountain ranges.
- Oregon Breeding Bird Atlas (Oregon Field Ornithologists) 2001 (QL 684.O7 O743 2001cd-rom)
- Oregon Wild Atlas (Oregon Natural Resources Council) Text and maps characterize the remaining 5 million areas of forests available for wilderness designation.
- Range Maps of Terrestrial Species in the Interior Columbia River Basin and Northern Portions of the Klamath and Great Basins (Marcott, Wales, and Demmer) 2003 (USFS General Technical Report PNW-583)(print copy available in Docs A 13.88: PNW-583) Contains range distribution maps for 14 invertebrate, 26 amphibian, 26 reptile, 339 bird, and 125 mammal species and selected subspecies (530 total taxa) of the interior Columbia River basin and northern portions of the Klamath and Great Basins in the United States. Prepared as part of the Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project (ICBEMP). GIS files are available from ICBEMP.
- Other Geographic Regions
- Atlas Projects (Bird Links to the World) Directory of Internet-based breeding bird atlases, organized geographically.
- Atlas of Wintering North American Birds: an analysis of Christmas bird count data (Root) 1988 (QL 681 R66 1988) On a national base map shows the winter distribution and abundance of 508 bird species and subspecies. Accompanied by text notes on migration patterns, habitat preferences and environmental factors.
- Bird Abundance Maps (US Fish and Wildlife Service) Includes species abundance maps from three major bird surveys--Christmas Bird Count, North American Breeding Bird Survey, and the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey.
- BirdMap Canada (Bird Studies Canada) Interactive mapper allows one to generate species abundance and range maps by date using data from the Breeding Bird Survey (provided by USGS and CWS), Christmas Bird Counts (provided by the National Audubon Society), and Band Recoveries (provided by CWS)
Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere (NatureServe)
2003. Digital map library of the distributions of the birds of the
Western Hemisphere. Covers 4,336 species in family groupings. The
maps are annotated to indicate sources, migratory status, historic
versus current ranges, origin (native or introduced) and taxonomic
decisions. The migratory status indications are particularly detailed,
distinguishing where birds are permanent residents, breeding residents,
non-breeding residents, or passage migrants. Map files are in ArcView
format and can be downloaded for viewing in Arcview or ESRIs free
- Ecological Inventory Map Series (US Fish and Wildlife Service) 1980-1982 (Docs I 49.6/5: Ec7) On a 1:250,000 USGS map base the distribution of fish, wildlife, and plant species along the coastal areas of the conterminous 48 states are depicted. Species with special status are shown in red. Some land use and land cover designations are also shown. There are a total of 79 maps issued in four series: Atlantic Coast, Gulf Coast, Lower Mississippi Basin, and Pacific Coast. Each series includes an accompanying "Users Guide and Informative Base" report that provides detailed explanations and additional technical information about the ecological data plotted on the maps.
- Interactive Migration Map (Boreal Songbird Initiative) View individual bird migration routes to their breeding grounds in Boreal Forest of North America.
- Maps & Distribution of the Birds of the Western Palearctic Region (Masi) Distribution maps for birds of the Western Palearctic Region.
- National Atlas of Coastal Waterbird Colonies in the Contiguous United States 1976-82 (Spendlow & Patton) 1988 (Docs I49.89/2:88(5))
- Waterfowl Migration Map (Ducks Unlimited) Real-time mapping of the location of ducks and geese in the United States during fall and spring migration periods as reported by waterfowlers.
- Wildlife Distribution Maps (Southeastern Wildlife Disease Study) Contains population distribution/density maps on a U.S. base map for 15 large mammal species.
One can use a combination of general and specialized Internet search engines to find images on the web. See the HSU research guide Search Engines for Images, Multimedia, & Video for a list of specialized image search engines. However, search engines fail to index the content of the "invisible web", especially information contained within databases. The following resources are specialized indexes and databases devoted to wildlife images or sounds.
- Index to Illustrations of Living Things Outside North America (Mumz & Slauson) 1981 (ref N 7525 M86) Indexes illustrations of 9,000 species found in over 200 books. List of books is annotated with HSU Library holdings.
- Index to Illustrations of the Natural World: Where to Find Pictures of the Living Things of North America (Thompson) 1977 (ref N 7525 56) Indexes pictures of 3,000 species found in 178 books. List of books is annotated with HSU Library holdings.
- Sight & Sound Galleries (Ornithological Web Library) Directory of web sites for bird sounds and images. Browse by taxonomy, geography, institution, or photographer.
- Selected Resources
- American Field Guide (Oregon Public Broadcasting and PBS) Includes over 1400 videos on the American environment produced by 30 PBS stations. Search by keyword or browse by one of the broad categories--animals, ecosystems, human history, livelihoods, earth and space, plants, public policy and recreation.
- ARKive: Images of Life on Earth Collection of videos and images illustrating the world's wildlife.
- Beautiful Birds: Masterpieces from the Hill Ornithology Collection (Cornell University Library) Contains over 275 images from an online exhibition of pre-1900 ornithological artists; also includes bird songs for some species. Searchable by artist, technique, or bird name.
- Bird Audio (eNature.com) Contains audio clips of the songs and calls of more than 550 North American birds.
- Bird Photography Library (About.com Guide to Birding) Arranged by species of bird as well as by photographer.
- Bird Songs of California (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology) 2003 (compact disc CD-4756) Records and identifies more than 220 species of birds from California.
- CalPhotos: Animals (UC Berkeley Digital Library Project) Contains over 20,000 images of animals that can be browsed by common or scientific name.
- Christine's Free Bird Clipart (About.com Guide to Birding)
- Complete Morris's British Birds 1891 (Ash. Midcalf) Contains 394 images scanned from F.O. Morris's History of British Birds.
- Cornell Lab of Ornithology's Guide to Birds of North America (Thayer Birding Software) 2001 (software program mounted on Reference cd-rom computers) Contains 710 bird songs, 96 videos of birds, 2681 color photos of birds, and information on 930 bird species found in the United States and Canada.
- Diversity of Animal Sounds (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology) 2001 (compact disc CD-4494)
- European Birds Songs, Calls and Sonagrams (Masi)
- Frog and Toad Calls of the Pacific Coast (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology) 1995 (compact disc CD-4112)
- Internet Bird Collection (Lynx Edicions) Online audiovisual library of video footage of the world's birds. While the initial aim is to post at least one video per species, the long-term objective is to eventually include several videos showing a variety of biological aspects (e.g. feeding, breeding, etc.) for every species. Search by taxonomy or geography.
- Know Your Common Bird Songs (Axia International) 1994
(QL 681 K5 1994) Software program that includes photos, full-motion
videos, sound clips, and illustrations that aid in learning to identify
more than 100 common North American birds by song alone.
- List of Plates (Audubon's Multimedia Birds of America) Contains gif images derived from Audubon's Birds of America published 1840-1844.
- Listen to Nature
(British Library) The British Library
Sound Archive Wildlife Section holds over 150,000
sounds of every animal group and habitat from all over the world.
Search by location, habitat or animal group. All recordings can
be listened to on the premises of the British Library. Selected
recordings are accessible online.
- Louis Agassiz Fuertes (Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library) Includes over 2,500 personal bird illustrations.
- National Image Library (US Fish & Wildlife Service) Contains copyright free pictures of fish and wildlife, environmental scenes, and conservation issues.
- NBII Digital Image Library (US National Biological Information Infrastructure) Contain images of amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, crustaceans, insects, plants, trees, scenic landscapes, environments, as well as wildlife management. Browse using broad subject categories or search for specific images using the search tool. Most images are in public domain.
- Pictures/Images (US Fish & Wildlife Service) Contains links to pictures and images of fish and wildlife.
- Visual Resources for Ornithology--VIREO (Academy of Natural Sciences) Includes more 25,000 online bird photos and 120,000 total photographs, on 6,650 species contributed by more than 500 photographers.
- Western Bird Songs (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology) 1992 (compact disc CD-4754) Organized as a companion to Roger Tory Peterson's Field Guide to Western Birds this collection contains songs and calls of 522 species of birds found in western North America.
- Wildlife Photo Safari (Colorado State University) Contains 20,000 wildlife images in the Warren and Genevieve Garst Photographic Collection.
- Wildlife Damage Photographs (National Wildlife Research Center) Collection of images related to wildlife damage management.
- Xeno-Canto (Xeno-Canto Foundation) database of shared bird sounds from the whole world contributed by professional and amateur birders. Identify bird sounds using six field characteristics or browse by common name, scientific name, recorder, location, elevation, etc.
Environmental reviews typicaly provide an analysis of environmental issues along with accompanying statistical data. For broader reviews see Environmental Reviews listed in the HSU Library Environmental Science research guide. Reviews, assessments, and plans specific to wildlife include:
- Audubon Wildlife Report (National Audubon Society) 1985-1989 (ref QL 84.2 A9)
- Bird Conservation (International Council for Bird Preservation) Annual (QL 682 B57) Includes annual bibliography of recent literature entitled "Review of Bird Conservation Literature" as well as series of reports on bird conservation issues and reports on endangered species.
- Canadian Shorebird Conservation Plan (Canadian Wildlife Service) 2000
- Endangered Species Recovery Plans (US Fish & Wildlife Service) Includes over 700 final and revised recovery plans issued since 1989. These plans delineate reasonable actions required to recover and/or protect listed species. Each recovery plan includes extensive accounts on the distribution, habitat, ecology, life history, population status and plans for recovery.
- Global Amphibian Assessment
(World Conservation Union and Conservation International) Comprehensive
assessment of the conservation status of the world's 5,743 known species
of frogs, toads, salamanders, and caecilians. The website presents results
of the assessments, including IUCN Red List threat category, range map,
ecology information, and other data for every amphibian species. Search
the GAA database for species by name, taxonomy, country, region, habitat
type, threat type, or IUCN Red List status.
- Pacific Northwest Conservation Assessment (Conservation Biology Institute) Provides a conservation assessment for each of the 40 ecoregions in the greater Pacific Northwest and contains links to important geographic data sources to facilitate regional conservation planning.
- State of the Birds (Audubon Society) Contains links to reports on how United States birds – both common and rare – are faring. The reports utilize population data from the Christmas Bird Count, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Breeding Bird Survey and other wildlife and habitat research.
- State of the Birds: United States of America (North American Bird Conservation Initiative) 2009 First comprehensive report on bird populations in the United States using data from three long-running bird censuses conducted by thousands of citizen scientists and professional biologists.
of the World's Birds (Bird Life International) Synthesis of
the current state of knowledge that provides a benchmark against which
biodiversity efforts can be judged in the future. The three parts to
the assessment examine what birds tell us about the current state
of biodiversity, the pressures upon it and the solutions that need to
- States of the Union: Ranking America's Biodiversity (NatureServe) 2002. Using species inventories conducted by state natural heritage programs this report ranks all 50 states and the District of Columbia on key biological characteristics including diversity of species; distinctiveness of the flora and fauna (endemism); levels of rarity and risk; and species already lost to extinction.
- Status and Trends of the Nation's Biological Resources 1998 (US Geological Survey Biological Resources Division) (print copy available in Docs I 19.202 ST1 and cd-rom in Docs I 19:120:ST1 CD) Large-scale assessment of the health of plants, animals, and ecosystems in the United States. In the two-volume set Part 1 describes the major factors affecting biodiversity and biological resource health, e.g., land use, climate change, nonindigenous species; and Part 2 explores the condition and status of regional biological resource, e.g., Pacific Northwest. Updates Our Living Resources: A Report to the Nation on the Distribution, Abundance, and Health of U.S. Plants, Animals and Ecosystems 1995 (US National Biological Service) (Docs I 49.2 R31/15)
- U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan (U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan Council) 2000. Conservation strategy for migratory shorebirds and the habitats upon which they depend. Provides a scientific framework to determine species, sites, and habitats that most urgently need conservation action.
- Wildlife (Thomas) IN Natural Resources for the 21st Century (Sampson and Hair) 1990, pp 175-204 (print copy available in HC 103.7 N296 1990) Assessment presented at a conference sponsored by the American Forestry Association with many co-sponsors, including the Wildlife Society.
- Wildlife-associated recreation trends in the United States: A technical document supporting the Forest Service 2010 RPA Assessment (Mockrin, Aiken & Flather) 2012 (USFS Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-293) Documents recent and historical trends in hunting and wildlife watching to fulfill Renewable Resources Planning Act (RPA) of 1974 requirements.
- Wildlife Resource Trends in the United States: A Technical Document Supporting the 2000 RPA Assessment (Flather, Brady and Knowles) 1999 (USFS Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-33) (print copy available in Docs A 13. 88: RMRS-33) Reports on trends in wildlife resources as required by the Renewable Resources Planning Act (RPA) of 1974. The report focuses on recent historical trends in wildlife as one indicator of ecosystem health across the United States and updates wildlife trends presented in previous RPA Assessments. National trends in four attributes of wildlife resources-- habitat, population, harvest, and users--set the context within which region-specific trends are presented.
- Clearinghouse for Ecology Software (Diehl and Larkin)
- Patuxent Software Archive (U.S. Geological Survey. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center)
- Population Analysis Software Group (University of Manitoba)
- Software and Data Analysis (BIOTELEM)
- Software and Predictive Models (U.S. Geological Survey. Fort Collins Science Center) Includes Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) and Habitat Sustability Index (HSI) software. In addition to the Habitat Suitability Index software all 157 Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) Models are available.( Print copies are available in Docs I 49.97.)
- Software Developed by the Department of Fishery and Wildlife Biology and Colorado Coop. Fish and Wildlife Unit (Colorado State University)
- Software Published in the Wildlife Society Bulletin (Wildlife Society)
- Software Sources (Evan Cooch)
- Wildlife Software for Free (Stout)
Sources of wildlife data and compiled statistics include the following:
- Bird Monitoring in North America (US Geological Survey Patuxent Wildlife Research Center) Directory of 20 monitoring programs which track changes in North American bird populations.
- BirdWeb: Bird Survey and You (British Trust for Ornithology) Contains contains links to bird monitoring programs in Great Britain.
- Arctic Birds Breeding Conditions Survey (International Wader Study Group) Containsonline information on bird breeding success, rodent abundance and certain weather characteristics in the Arctic from 1988 to the present. Data on distribution and numbers of individual bird species can be obtained by querying the Bird Species Database.
- Breeding Biology Research & Monitoring Database (BBIRD) (Montana Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit. University of Montana) Database contains over 32,000 nest records.
- Canadian Breeding Bird (Mapping) Census Database (Kennedy, Dilworth-Christie and Erskine) 1999. Report and downloadable database containing records for 285 species of birds gathered through 928 censuses of 640 distinct plots. Censuses span the years from 1927 to 1993 with the bulk of the data collected between the mid-1960s and the early 1980s. The data are derived from spot- or territory-mapping censuses in variably-sized plots across Canada. Habitat codes are appended to each plot to define the primary and secondary habitat types present within the plot. For each plot dominant canopy, shrub and ground cover species are listed. Densities are calculated per 100 hectares for all bird species detected on a plot.
- Canadian Bird Trends Database (Canadian Wildlife Service) Retrieval system that provides information on Canadian bird species, including population trends and taxonomy, with links to range maps and life history information, and national conservation designations. Population trends are derived from Breeding Bird Survey in Canada (BBS) data and are updated on an annual basis.
- Christmas Bird Count (National Audubon Society) . Starting in 1900, the CBC is the worlds longest-running citizen science program. Each year birds are counted in each 15-mile radius CBC circle on one day between December 14th and January 5th, and the combined data from more than 2000 counts provide a guide to the status of early-winter bird populations across the Americas. American Birds provides a annual summary report of the annual Christmas Bird Count. Use current and historical count data to generate maps and graphs and view data.
- eBird (Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology and National Audubon Society) Database composed of bird observations contributed by individuals across the North American continent. Individuals can enter and retrieve information on their contributed bird observations for their personal use. The entire historical database can by queried by birdwatchers, scientists, and conservationists who want to know more about the distributions and movement patterns of birds across the continent.
- Estimates of Shorebird Populations in North America (Morrison and others) 2001 (print copy available in SK 351 C34 #104) Contains estimates for the population sizes of 53 species of Nearctic shorebirds occurring regularly in North America, plus four species that breed occasionally.
- Great Backyard Bird Count (Cornell Lab of Ornithology and National Audubon Society) Annual count of species observed and abundance as reported by more 50,000 volunteer observers during four days each February.
- HawkCount (Hawk Migration Association of North America) Daily and monthly counts from hundreds of hawk migration counting sites in North America.
- MAPS/NBII Avian Demographics Query Interface (Institute for Bird Populations) Provides bird population demographic results from the Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship Program (MAPS). Updated survival rate estimates and productivity indices based on ten years (1992-2001) of bird banding data are available online for more than 150 species of North American landbirds. Search by species and region.
- Mid Winter Bald Eagle Count (National Biological Information Infrastructure) Provides access to results of annual Midwinter Bald Eagle Surveys conducted from 1986 to date along 746 routes in 43 states. You can retrieve raw count data as well as summary information (trends, means, high and low counts) for survey routes. Search by state, map location, drainage/survey route name, or geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude).
Waterfowl Survey (US Fish and Wildlife Service) Surveys waterfowl
in major concentration areas in the United States and is the primary
source of information on population trends for some species. The survey
also is useful in documenting the distribution of waterfowl on their
wintering grounds and in assessing habitat use.
- National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation (US Fish and Wildlife Service) (print copy available in Docs I 49.98/2) Survey conducted every five years that measures fishing and hunting activities, as well as wildlife watching activities.
- National Wildlife Strike Database (U.S. Federal Aviation Administration) Generate strike statistics by wildlife species, state and time period.
- North American Breeding Bird Survey (US Fish and Wildlife Service and Canadian Wildlife Service) Large-scale survey, annually conducted since 1966, that monitors the status and trends of North American bird populations. The roadside survey along 3,700 suvery routes primarily covers the continental United States and southern Canada. The primary objective of the survey is to compile and deliver population data and population trend analyses on more than 400 bird species for use by conservation managers, scientists, and the general public.
- Pacific Waterfowl Flyway Report (QL 671 P3) Library has 1949-1984.
- Public Land Statistics (U.S. Bureau of Land Management) (print copy available in Docs I 53.1/2)
- Report of Lands Under Control of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (US Fish & Wildlife Service) (Docs I 49.102) Annual statistical report containing data on number of administrative units, their acreages, location, and method of acquisition. Includes national wildlife refuges, waterfowl protection areas, and national fish hatcheries.
- Waterbird Monitoring Database (US Fish and Wildlife Service) Contains data gathered from waterbird (seabirds, coastal waterbirds, wading birds, marshbirds) surveys across the United States.
- Waterbird Population Estimates (Wetlands International) 2002. Identifies 2,271 biogeographical populations of all 868 recognized waterbird species in the world and provides population estimates and trends for many of these populations. The 1994 edition entitled Waterfowl Population Estimates is available in QL 673 R67 1994.
- Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey (US Fish and Wildlife Service) Conducted annually since 1947 provides estimates of the spring population size and trajectory of the breeding populations of North American ducks, geese, and swans. The first print report was published as Special Scientific Report No. 45 (Docs I 49.15) and continued in the Special Scientific Report - Wildlife series (Docs I 49.15/3), the Fish and Wildlife Technical Report series (Docs I 49.100) and the Waterfowl Population Status series (Docs I 49 100/3).