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GIS and Digital Spatial Data: Reference Resources

See Digital Spatial Data for major guides and collections of digital spatial data, organized by broad geographic area.

Manual of Geographic Information Systems

Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

Handbooks and Manuals

Literature Databases and Bibliographies

Internet Portals and Gateways

These are specialized "subject guides/portals/gateways" to GIS resources and news on the Internet.