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Finding Psychological Tests and Measures

This guide will help you find the right psychological test or measure for your research needs. This can be a challenging task since 1) there is no single source to consult; and 2) your source may only include a test description or review, not an actual copy of the test.

MMPI Test

Introduction


Availability of psychological tests and measures depends on whether they are published or unpublished, as defined below:

The HSU Psychology Department Psychological Test Library (BSS Room 411) has copies of some published and unpublished tests. Access to and use of these and other tests is governed by standards developed by the American Psychological Association.

For additional background information see Finding Information about Psychological Tests from the American Psychological Association.


Key Sources for Finding Tests


The following table lists key sources for finding tests and measures. The table links to more detailed annotations for each source. Each of these sources may do one or more of the following:

Source
Test Type
Literature Covered
Test Copies: Included or Source Given
Find by Name
Find by Subject
Critical Reviews
Tests in Print Published Commerical Publishers
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
Tests: A Comprehensive Reference... Published Commerical Publishers
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
Mental Measurements Yearbook Published Commerical Publishers
Source Given
YES
YES
YES
Tests Critiques Published Commerical Publishers
Source Given
YES
YES
YES
Directory of Unpublished Experimental Mental Measures Unpublished Journal Articles
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
Measures for Psychological Assessment Unpublished Journal Articles
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
Measures for Clinical Practice and Research: A Sourcebook Unpublished Journal Articles
Included
YES
YES
NO
ETS Test Link Database Both Journal Articles, Commerical Publishers, Books, ERIC Documents
Some of Both
YES
YES
NO
Tests and Measures in the Social Sciences Unpublished Books
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
SDSU Test Finder: Books Unpublished Books
Source Given
YES
YES
SOME
SDSU Test Finder: Journal Articles Unpublished Journal Articles
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
Test Compendia and Reviews by Discipline or Population Unpublished Books
Some of Both
YES
YES
SOME
Library Catalogs Unpublished Books
Some of Both
YES
YES
SOME
PsycINFO Both Books, Journal Articles, Dissertations
Source Given
YES
YES
SOME
Health and PsychoSocial Instruments Both Journal Articles, Commerical Publishers
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
Dissertations and Theses: The Humanities and Social Sciences Collection Unpublished Dissertations
Some Copies
YES
YES
NO
ERIC Unpublished Journal Articles, ERIC Documents
Some of Both
YES
YES
NO
Medline Unpublished Journal Articles
Source Given
YES
YES
NO
CINAHL Unpublished Journal Articles
Some of Both
YES
YES
NO

Directory of Unpublished Experimental Mental Measures. (ref BF 431 G625)
Multi-volume guide to copies of unpublished experimental mental measures that are found in approximately 35 important psychology journals from 1970 to the present. Instruments are not evaluated; but a brief description, reliability and validity data, the source, and related research information are provided. Measures are grouped in 23 categories. The latest volume includes a cumulative title and subject index.

ETS (Education Testing Service) Test Link Database
Searchable database of the ETS Test Collection that contains more than 25,000 tests and other measurement devices dating form the early 1900s to the present. Search by test name, author, subject ( ERIC Thesaurus descriptors) or keyword. Includes both 1) published tests and 2) unpublished tests that have been published in journal articles and other scholarly literature. Includes over 1,200 instruments that can be downloaded for a fee. The "Availability" field will tell you where to find an actual copy of the instrument:
  • Tests in Microfiche--some tests were distributed to libraries as part of the Tests in Microfiche collection which is not available at the HSU Library. Individual tests in the Tests in Microfiche collection can be borrowed using Interlibrary Loan. You can search TIM in the "TitleSearch" field to find these tests.
  • Journal Citation--you will find the test appended to the article
  • Person's name or the name of a publisher-- usually available for purchase only.

Measures for Clinical Practice and Research: A Sourcebook (Fischer and Corcoran) 2007 (ref BF 176 C66) (2 volumes)
Describes and reproduces over 450 "rapid" assessment tests that clinicians can use in their practice and research, most of which have first appeared in journal articles. Instruments are selected because 1) they measure common problems and 2) they are brief and easy to administer and score. Measures in Volume 1 are focused around children, families, and couples. Vvolume 2 focuses on problems of adults "outside the context of the family." For each instrument background, purpose, description, norms, scoring reliability and validity information is provided along with a primary reference and availability information. The instruments are listed in alphabetical order by population. They are also cross-indexed by problem area. Earlier editions of this work are also available in the HSU Library.

Measures for Psychological Assessment: A Guide to 3,000 Original Sources and Their Applications (Chun) 1975 (ref BF 698.5 C45)
Guide to 3,000 noncommercial, informal, and ad hoc instruments that consists of two major sections: 1) primary references from 26 journals published between 1960 and 1970 in which the test was first discussed; and 2) applications of the test identifying significant research in which the instrument was incorporated. Contains an author index and a descriptor (variable measured) index which refers to primary reference entry numbers. Entries under primary references refer to items in the applications section of the book.

Mental Measurements Yearbook (Buros Institute of Mental Measures) 1933 to the present (ref BF 698.5 B86)
Primary source of critical reviews on published psychological tests. Also includes a bibliography of studies that have used the reviewed test. Arranged in broad subject categories. Includes test title index; name index; subject index; and a score index (beginning with the 9th edition). First published in 1933 editions overlap in that important tests are often reviewed in several editions; new editions contain reviews of tests that are "new or significantly revised" since publication of the last edition. Beginning with the 14th edition, MMYB reviews "only those tests with at least a minimum of technical and/or development information available." See How to Use the Mental Measurements Yearbook and Using a Mental Measurements Yearbook Review to Evaluate a Test  for additional information. Both Test Reviews Online and the print work Tests in Print serve as a cumulative index to tests reviewed in the MMYB.

San Diego State University Test Finder: Books
Guide to copies of tests found in over 700 books. Also indexes 1,200 tests included in the Educational Testing Services' Tests In Microfiche collection and tests included in the ERIC Document collection. Search by test name or "subject" keyword using the test name. See database Search Tips for ideas on how to enter keywords. Note the book that contains your test and check the HSU Library Catalog for local availability. If not available locally you can request through Interlibrary Loan.

San Diego State University Test Finder: Journal Articles
Indexes copies of over 1400 tests found in scholarly journals. Search by test name or "subject" keyword using the test name. See database Search Tips for ideas on how to enter keywords. Search the HSU Journal and Newspaper Finder for local availability. If not available locally you can request through Interlibrary Loan.

Test Critiques (Keyser and Sweetland) 1984-1992 (ref BF 176 T419)
Multi-volume series includes critical reviews of commerical tests including reliability, validity, and norming information. Each review has the following sections: introduction, practical applications/uses (includes appropriate and inappropriate uses), technical aspects, critique, and references. Includes cumulative indexes for Authors/Reviewers and test subjects.

Tests: A Comprehensive Reference for Assessments in Psychology, Education, and Business (Maddox) 2008 (ref BF 176 T43)
Directory of 2000+ commerical tests from over 150 publishers. Noncritically annotations include information on purpose, use, cost, availability, and intended audience. Older editions can be consulted for out-of-print tests.

Tests and Measures in the Social Sciences: Tests Available in Compilation Volumes (University of Texas, Arlington)
Indexes copies of tests and measures found in book compilations. Each analysed book lists all included tests. "Subject" searches rely on test name keywords. Currently includes over 12,000 intruments found in over 135 sources. To search this database:
  1. In the search box enter a test name or "subject" keywords plus the phrase "compilation volumes". Put quotation marks " " around phrases, e.g. "body image" "compilation volumes".
  2. Search results will list compilation volumes that contain tests that match the keywords you input.
  3. Click on each search result entry to find the test that matches your keywords. If there a many tests in a compilation volume you may want to use your browsers "Find" command to locate the specific test that matches.
  4. Note the book that contains your test and check the HSU Library Catalog for local availability.
  5. If not available locally you can request through Interlibrary Loan.

Tests in Print: an Index to Tests, Test Reviews, and the Literature on Specific Tests (Buros Institute of Mental Measures) (ref BF 698.5 B872 2011)
Directory of commercially published tests that are in print in English and available for purchase or use. Annotations are not critical and do not include any psychometric information. Includes a publishers directory, an index of names, a score index, an index of acronyms, a classified subject index, and an index of recently out-of-print tests. TIP serves as a comprehensive index to tests reviewed in all editions of the Mental Measurements Yearbook.

Sources on Assessment Techniques

Rating Scales and Checklists ( Aiken) 1996 (BF 39 A43)
This text covers all aspects of rating scales, checklists, and attitude scales. There are chapters on the use of scales in business, education, personality and clinical assessment, and measurement of attitudes and values. Appendix C contains a list of commercial suppliers of scales. The book is accompanied by a computer disk containing programs to assist in constructing and scoring rating scales.

Questionnaires and Inventories: Surveying Opinions and Assessing Personality (Aiken) 1977 (BF 176 A483 1977)
This book is a companion volume to Rating Scales and Checklists: Evaluation Behavior, Personality, and Attitude. This volume focuses on surveys and assessment of individual and group characteristics. There are chapters on constructing, administering and scoring psychological inventories and questionnaires. Norms, reliability, validity, and sampling are covered. Standard questionnaires in various fields are described as are standard inventories. The appendixes contain a list of commercially available questionnaires, commercially available psychological inventories, a list of publishers and distributors, and a list of university-based research centers. There is an instrument index.

The book is accompanied by a computer disk which contains programs which help in constructing questionnaires or inventories and in sampling, administration, scoring, and performing statistical analysis of the data produced.


Encyclopedia of Educational Evaluation (Anderson, Ball, and Murphy) 1975 (ref LB 2823 A65)
Two- to eight-page articles defining concepts used in various forms of measurement and evaluation. All articles contain references. There are name and subject indexes.

Encyclopedia of Psychological Assessment (Fernandez-Ballesteros) 2003 (ref BF 176 E53) (2 volumes)
Includes 234 entries on psychological assessment topics. Each entry includes a general conceptual and methodological overview and a section on relevant tests and measures.

Directory of Selected National Testing Programs (ref LB 3051 D56 1987)
Provides information about nationally administered testing programs which are conducted primarily for educational purposes: admissions, academic credit, and certification and licensing. Data on the tests includes purpose, sponsoring organization; description of test content, study aids, administration time, and passing score; fees; and registration dates and deadlines. Contains indexes for testing program, program sponsor, and subject.

Appraisal Procedures for Counselors and Helping Professionals (Drummond) 1996 (BF 176 D78)
This volume is designed to inform helping professionals in selecting and using psychological and educational tests. Chapter 24 covers codes of ethics, laws, and recent court decisions related to testing.

Responsible Test Use: Case Studies for Assessing Human Behavior (Eyde) 1993 (BF 176 R475)
This casebook illustrates common problems in test use and interpretation.

Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education ( Joint Committee on Testing Practices)
Guide for professionals in fulfilling their obligation to provide and use tests that are fair to all test takers regardless of age, gender, disability, race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, linguistic background, or other personal characteristics.

Handbook of Human Abilities: Definitions, Measurements, and Job Task Requirements (Fleishman) 1992 (ref BF 431 F48)
This book defines cognitive, psychomotor, physical, and sensory/perceptual domains of human abilities. Examples of tests measuring these abilities are given, if available.

Handbook of Psychological Testing (Kline) 2000 (BF 176 K575)
A comprehensive review of psychological tests.

Advances in Psychological Assessment (BF 39 M22) 1968-
Volumes 1-6 (1968-1985) comprise 71 original chapters on diverse aspects of the advancing front in psychological assessment. Assessment is defined to encompass tests, observations, interviews, and surveys. The series aims to present contributions which highlight important new developments in assessment or which offer up-to-date reviews of earlier developments in the field. Volumes include chapter bibliographies, and name and subject indexes.

Handbook of Projective Techniques (Murstein) 1965 (BF 698.7 M87)
Comprehensive articles on the Rorschach, Thematic Apperception Test, Draw-a-Person, Bender-Gestalt, and Sentence Completion tests. Articles contain extensive bibliographies, and the volume has a name and subject index.

Family Assessment: Effective Uses of Personality Tests with Couples and Families (Nurse) 1999 (RC 428.53 N87)
This volume covers the use of standardized tests with couples and families. There are also chapters on the use of testing in divorce, family violence, and child abuse.

Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (American Psychological Association, American Educational Research Association, and the National Council on Measurement in Education) (LB 3051 A693 1985)
Includes: 1) standards for tests and test manuals, and test construction and evaluation; 2) professional standards for ethical test use in various settings; 3) standards for special applications such as handicapping conditions or linguistic minorities; and 4) standards for test administration and protection of test takers. For a brief synopsis on test standards see Questions to Ask When Evaluating Tests.

Testing and Assessment (American Psychological Association)
Includes links to APA and other Internet sites that cover rights and responsibilities of testers and test takers.

Encyclopedia of Clinical Assessment (Woody) 1980 (ref BF 698.4 E5)
91 chapters contributed by authorities in the field of clinical assessment which form a comprehensive coverage of the major topics in clinical assessment. Each chapter contains 4 parts: background and current status, critical discussion, application to particular variables, and references. The volumes have a name and subject index.

Test Compendia and Guides by Discipline or Population


Arranged by broad discipline, the following web sites and books in the HSU Library provide guidance on choosing appropriate testing instruments. Referenced tests are mostly unpublished. Sources that include actual copies of tests are noted using bold typeface in the source annotations. You can search for specific tests found in the books using the HSU Library Web Site Search or the San Diego State University Test Finder: Books.




Library Catalogs



Literature Databases


These databases typically index articles that use a particular test in their methodology or focus on evaluating a specific test.

CINAHL - Current Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature [restricted to the HSU community]
Database to nursing research that includes over 250 tests and measurements, some of which include the full-text of the test. Others entries include a table with specifics on the purpose, population sampled, methodology, type of instrument and test source. Options for finding tests in CINHL include:
  1. To see all tests--enter "research instrument" in the first search box and change the pull-down menu to "Publication Type".
  2. To find a specific test-- enter a test name.
  3. To find a test on a research topic--repeat #1 above and enter a subject keyword(s) in the second search box that describes the type of test in which you are interested, e.g., "death".

Dissertations and Theses: The Humanities and Social Sciences Collection (restricted to the HSU community]
This database includes the full-text of dissertations and theses. Both published and unpublished tests may be the focus of graduate research or more typically used in the research design. Copies of unpublished tests are often included in the appendices of a dissertation or thesis. Search by test name or use subject keywords along with keywords for "test", e.g., "body image and test". See Theses and Dissertations for additional databases.

ERIC [restricted to the HSU community]
Includes educational journal articles and educational documents that have used test and measurement instruments. Options for searching in the database include:
  1. Search by test name--enter your test name.
  2. Search for tests by subject -- Enter “160” or “tests” in the Publication Type field to search for tests and questionnaires. Combine this with a keyword for the concept you want your scale to measure, e.g., self-esteem.
  3. Search for tests by subject -- Enter of one of the ERIC Thesaurus descriptor terms for tests and scales. Combine this with a keyword for the concept you want your scale to measure, e.g., self-esteem.
  4. Search for copies of tests—See the list of 188 tests included in ERIC ED documents as of 2000.

Health and Psychosocial Instruments (HAPI) [restricted to the HSU community]
Indexes published and unpublished behavioral measurement instruments from 1985 to the present. Includes references to 40,000 actual instruments as well as 85,000 research studies in journal articles where they have been used. Instruments are drawn from the fields of health care, psychology, social work, sociology, and communication. For additional information on searching see the HAPI Field Guide. Options for searching include:
  1. Search by test name--enter your test name
  2. Search for tests by subject -- tests are indexed using PsycInfo Thesaurus subjects or Medline Medical Subjects Headings (MESH).
  3. To limit your results to sources that might contain the full text of a test expand the "Limits" option on the search interface and check the "Primary Source" option.

Medline [restricted to the HSU community]
Includes medical journal articles that have used test and measurement instruments.  Options for searching in the database include:
  1. Search by test name--enter your test name.
  2. Search for tests by subject – Use one of the  Medical Subject Headings (MESH) for tests and measures:  "psychological tests," "intelligence tests," "neuropsychological tests," "educational measurement," or "personality tests " etc. Combine this with a keyword for the concept you want your scale to measure, e.g., body image.

PsycINFO [restricted to the HSU community]
Indexes 1) tests that are used in psychological research studies; and 2) studies that have evaluated a specific test or group of tests on a specific topic. For a basic introduction on how to search for tests see the online tutorial In Search of Tests and Measures. In the database you can:
  1. Search for studies that used a specific test or measure--enter your test name using the Tests and Measures field; or use More Search Options to browse for your specific test. (note: it is best to omit the scale, inventory, etc. part of a test name, e.g, use just "myers briggs type".)

  2. PsychInfo Database

  3. Search for studies that have evaluated a specific test --repeat #1 above in the first row of search boxes and in the second row of search boxes enter "222*", changing the pull-down menu to the Classification field. This will find publications where measurement, test construction, and test validity are major aspects of a study.

  4. PsycINFO search

  5. Search for tests on a specific topic-- enter subject keywords, e.g., "body image" to find studies on a topic. Review the records you find, looking specifically at the Test and Measures field to see what tests have been used. Repeat #1 and/or #2 above to find additional studies and information about these tests.
  6. Search for copies of tests -- Repeat #1 above, adding the keyword "appended" in the same box, e.g., "male body image appended". (Since 2004 PsycInfo has added the keyword "appended" in this field if a publication includes the actual copy of the test.)

Annotations for this guide was originally developed by Corryn Crosby-Muilenburg, retired Social Sciences Librarian.