Environmental Protection Information Center (EPIC) / Headwaters Court Cases Collection
The Library, Special Collections
Humboldt State University
One Harpst Street
Arcata CA 95521
Kathryn LaSala, MLIS
Date Collection Processed
Environmental Protection Information Center (EPIC)
Dates Covered by Collection
Size of Collection
42 Cubic feet; 35 boxes
This collection is the product of a series of court cases filed by the Environmental Protection Information Center (EPIC), Sierra Club, and United Steelworkers of America during the 1990s and early 2000s against Pacific Lumber Company (PALCO)/Maxxam. The litigation in these cases focused on the environmental effects of PALCO’s logging practices around what is now the Headwaters Forest Reserve in Humboldt County, California. The bulk of the collection consists of evidentiary documents provided by the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CDF) and the California Department of Fish and Game (DFG) for the court case EPIC v. CDF, et. al. The strengths of this collection are materials that relate to local endangered species such as the Northern Spotted Owl, the Marbled Murrelet, and the Coho Salmon, as well as affected watersheds including the Bear/Mattole River, Eel River, Van Duzen River, Yager Creek, Freshwater Creek, and Humboldt Bay.
Open for research by appointment
Copyright has not been assigned to Humboldt State University. To obtain permission to publish or reproduce in any format please contact the Special Collections Librarian.
The collection was donated in 2012 by EPIC to the Humboldt State University Library’s Special Collections.
From EPIC’s website, http://www.wildcalifornia.org/ (retrieved 03/28/2013):
The Environmental Protection Information Center (EPIC) is a community based, non-profit organization that works to protect and restore forests, watersheds, coastal estuaries, and native species in Northern California. EPIC was founded in 1977 when local residents came together to successfully end aerial applications of herbicides by industrial logging companies in Humboldt County.
Our work played a pivotal role in bringing the plight of the Headwaters Forest to the world’s attention during the 1990s. Three of the six groves in Headwaters Forest are now in public hands and EPIC continues to pursue actions to preserve the forests left unprotected as part of the infamous Headwaters Deal.
The Headwaters Forest Agreement, also known as the “Headwaters Deal,” resulted in the purchase of 7,472 acres of forest lands from PALCO at the cost of $380 million dollars in public funds. The forest, located approximately 6 miles southeast of Eureka, California, has been classified as a reserve and is under the stewardship of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).
Scope and Content
The majority of the EPIC/Headwaters Court Cases Collection consists of evidentiary materials used in the EPIC v. CDF, et. al. case, referred to as the “Administrative Record.” Types of documents found within the Administrative Record include: Timber Harvest Plans (THP), Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP), Sustained Yield Plans (SYP), reports, letters, memos, official comments, permits, maps, schedules, emails, findings, transcripts, public notices, payments, errata, newspaper articles, magazine articles, and non-technical journal articles. All documents in the Administrative Record fall into the following 12 categories, taken verbatim from the collection’s set of indexes:
- Materials submitted by PALCO relating to project application
- Documents relating to CEQA compliance and project approval
- CEQA Findings and Statement of Overriding Consideration, including DFG/CDF staff reports, written testimony, and documents by anyone else
- Transcripts or minutes of public hearings on the EIR or any CEQA document and any Headwaters permits/approvals
- Notices issued by DFG and CDF regarding CEQA compliance and issuance of the permits/approvals
- Written comments on the EIR or any CEQA documents
- Final CEQA documents and permit decisions including documents cited and relied upon by the CEQA Findings or any Statements of Overriding Considerations
- Drafts of environmental documents or portions thereof released for public view
- Internal agency communications and staff notes relating to the project or CEQA
- Documents to which none of the Administration Record categories apply
- Documents relied upon in any environmental document for the project
- Written evidence or correspondence to or from DFG/CDF regarding CEQA compliance or the permits/approvals
The set of seven indexes that follow the Administrative Record are organized by these 12 categories. The first index serves as a general index to the entire Administrative Record. The remaining six indexes each relate to a specific decision that resulted from one of the Headwaters court cases.
The collection also includes the legal documentation and some evidentiary materials related to subsequent court cases filed by EPIC, The Sierra Club, and United Steelworkers of America against CDF after the conclusion of the Headwaters Forest Agreement. Documents in this section are primarily copies of evidence used in the previous court cases with some additional materials that were received and/or created at a later date. Types of materials include: Incidental Take Permit (ITP), deposition testimonies, notices of conformance, official responses to findings, reports, official comments, and legal documents.
Arrangement of Collection
The EPIC/Headwaters Court Cases Collection is arranged into three series: Administrative Record, Indexes, and Supplemental Materials from Subsequent Cases. Series distinctions were made from the order of materials as they were donated.
Documents that comprise the Administrative Record series were arranged and assigned Bates numbers by D-M Information Systems, Inc., a litigation support service based out of Davis, California, that primarily assists in the document management process for large court cases. Materials that were received from CDF were given a Bates number with a CDF prefix. Materials that were received from DFG were given a Bates number with a DFG prefix.
The Indexes series is a set of seven indexes created by D-M Information Systems, Inc. as a way to access the documents in series one after the Bates number had been affixed. Users of this collection will need to refer to the Indexes series first in order to identify and locate specific documents. Each index is divided into 12 categories. Within each category, documents are organized by date from earliest to most recent.
The first two series of the collection were originally housed in a large set of binders. During the processing stage, the decision was made to remove the binders and re-house materials into acid-free folders. Kept in original order, materials were transferred into archival folders and given the exact label as found on the original binder. In most cases, the extensive size of each binder (500+ pages) required that materials be divided into multiple folders. When this occurred, all subsequent folders were given the exact heading of the originating binder along with an indication of extent (e.g. 1 of 3, 2 of 3, etc.). If no label was available, the collection’s processor created one following the prescribed format of labels on binders with similar content.
Documents in the Supplemental Materials for Subsequent Cases series were gathered and loosely assembled into two groups by EPIC. Lacking a formal arrangement system, materials were divided into acid-free folders by the collection’s processor, but left in the order in which they were donated. A general heading was assigned to each group and each set of folders were numbered sequentially.
Series: Administrative Record
CDF/100001 — CDF/103500
CDF/102802 — CDF/106999
CDF/106301 — CDF/109801
CDF/109802 — CDF/113311
CDF/112602 — CDF/116812
CDF/116113 — CDF/119608
CDF/119609 — CDF/123174
CDF/122474 — CDF/126679
CDF/125979 — CDF/129483
CDF/129484 — CDF/132988
CDF/132288 — CDF/136493
CDF/135793 — CDF/137304
DFG/100001 — DFG/102123
DFG/102124 — DFG/105601
DFG/104904 — DFG/109099
DFG/108404 — DFG/111907
DFG/111908 — DFG/115425
DFG/114723 — DFG/118924
DFG/118230 — DFG/121733
DFG/121734 — DFG/125287
DFG/124532 — DFG/128805
DFG/128093 — DFG/131616
DFG/131616 — DFG/135158
DFG/134458 — DFG/138625
CDF/120208-001 — CDF/122390-046 [with gaps]
[DFG/105228-001] — DFG/120432 (with gaps)
PDFG/200000-001 — PDFG/200450 (with gaps)
PDFG/200451—PDFG/205726 (with gaps)
PDFG/205366—PDFG/206137 (with gaps)
EPIC v. CDF, et al., Administrative Record, cat. 1-12
EPIC v. CDF, et al., Administrative Record, cat. 12-supplement
USWA v. CDF, CDF-SYP [decision], sec. 1-11
USWA v. CDF, CDF-SYP [decision], sec. 11-12
EPIC v. CDF, CDF-SYP [decision], sec. 1-12
EPIC v. CDF, CDF-SYP [decision], sec. 12
EPIC v. CDF, CDF-CEQA [decision], sec. 1-12
EPIC v. CDF, DFG-1600 [decision], sec. 1-12
EPIC v. CDF, DFG-1600 [decision], sec. 12
Sustained Yield Plan (SYP), SYP/000003 — SYP/002611
EPIC v. CDF, DFG-ITP [decision], sec. 1-12
EPIC v. CDF, DFG-CEQA [decision], sec. 1-12
Series: Supplemental Materials for Subsequent Cases
[Transmittal of Exhibits], folders 1-14
[Transmittal of Exhibits], folders 15-27
Submission of documents to the court pursuant to the second case, folders 1-14
Submission of documents to the court pursuant to the second case, folders 15-21
“Environmental Protection Information Center (EPIC)”, Humboldt County Pamphlet Collection, Humboldt State University Library.
Devall, B. (1999). Bioregion on the edge.[S.l. : s.n.] (GE43 D48 1999)
Dunning, J. (1998). From the redwood forest: Ancient trees and the bottom line: A headwaters journey. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Pub. Co. (SD387 O43 D86 1998)
Harris, D. (1997). The last stand: the war between wall street and main street over California's ancient redwoods. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books. (HD9759.P3 H37 1997)
Widick, R. (2009). Trouble in the forest: California's redwood timber wars. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. (SD387 O43 W532 2009)
Environmental Protection Information Center (EPIC) Collection [unprocessed]
Californians for Alternatives to Toxics (CATs) Collection [unprocessed]
Eel River (Calif.)
Headwaters Forest Wilderness (Calif.)
Logging--California--Headwaters Forest Wilderness
Mattole River (Calif.)
Northern spotted owl
Old growth forest conservation
Van Duzen River (Calif.)
Environmental Protection Information Center
Pacific Lumber Company
United Steelworkers of America